Ptolemy XIV Philopator

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Ptolemy XIV Philopator was the pharaoh of Egypt, who ruled with his sister Cleopatra VII from 47 until his death in 44 BC.

Biography[change | change source]

When Ptolemy XIII died in 47 BC, his younger brother Ptolemy XIV became Pharaoh with the help of his older sister Cleopatra.[1][2] Ptolemy XIV was around 12 years old when he became king.[3] Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIV were married, but she was still the lover of Julius Caesar. Some people think that Cleopatra had power and Ptolemy XIV was just a puppet king because of Egyptian tradition.[4]

After Julius Caesar was murdered in Rome in 44 BC, Ptolemy XIV died too.[5] It's not clear if Cleopatra killed him, but some people think she did it with poison made from aconite because she wanted her son Caesarion, who was born from her relationship with Julius Caesar, to be the next king. Cleopatra made Caesarion her co-ruler on September 2, 44 BC.[6][7]

Family tree[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Mahaffy, John Pentland (2014) [1895]. The Empire of the Ptolemies. Cambridge Library Collection. Cambridge, England and New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. xxiv. ISBN 9781108078658.
  2. Southern, Patricia (2012) [2010]. Antony & Cleopatra: The Doomed Love Affair That United Ancient Rome & Egypt. Stroud, England: Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445608877.
  3. Blackaby, Susan (2009). Cleopatra: Egypt's Last and Greatest Queen. Sterling Biographies. New York and London: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc. pp. 27. ISBN 9781402765407.
  4. Holbl, Gunther; Hölbl, Günther (2003) [2001]. A History of the Ptolemaic Empire. Translated by Saavedra, Tina. London and New York: Routledge. p. 237. ISBN 9780415201452.
  5. Burstein, Stanley Mayer (2007). The Reign of Cleopatra. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. xiii. ISBN 9780806138718.
  6. Bevan, Edwyn (2014) [1927]. A History of Egypt under the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Routledge Revivals. New York and London: Routledge. p. 369. ISBN 9781317682257.
  7. Rice, E. E. (2006). Wilson, Nigel Guy (ed.). Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. New York and London: Routledge. p. 172. ISBN 9780415973342.

Other websties[change | change source]

Ptolemy XIV Philopator
Born: c. 59 BC Died: 44 BC
Preceded by
Ptolemy XIII
Arsinoe IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
47–44 BC
with Cleopatra VII
Succeeded by
Cleopatra VII