Putumayo genocide

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Putumayo genocide
Part of the Amazon rubber boom
Huitoto Amerindians in conditions of slavery
LocationColombia and Peru
Date1879 (1879) – 1912 (1912)
Attack type
Slavery, Genocidal rape, torture, Crimes against humanity
Deaths40,000 to 250,000+[1][2]
PerpetratorsPeruvian Amazon Company

Putumayo genocide is the name for a number of systematic enslavements and killings, done by the Peruvian Amazon Company. These events happened between 1879 and 1912. In the late 19th century, rubber was discovered in the Amazon Basin. The Peruvian Amazon Comany was responsible for harvesting the rubber. When they did, they forced people to work like slaves. Estimates are, that they killed between 40.000 and 250.000 indigenous people.[1][2] Most of it happened in the area between Río Putumayo and Japurá River, between 1879 and 1912. Today, the area is on the border between Colombia and Peru.

The book The Dream of the Celt by Mario Vargas Llosa describes these events.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cien años después, la Amazonía recuerda uno de sus episodios más trágicos". BBC News (in Spanish). 12 October 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 White, Matthew (15 July 2019). "Twentieth Century Atlas - Death Tolls". Necrometrics. Retrieved 30 July 2021.