Rashomon effect

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The Rashomon effect or Rashomon principle is an idea about how the human mind works and in the study of how we can know whether something is real. The Rashomon effect is when people see the same thing happen but when they talk about it later, their stories and memories are not the same.[1][2][3] People have seen the Rashomon effect in art, science, medicine, and real-life crime.[4]

Name[change | change source]

The Rashomon effect is named after the 1950 movie Rashomon. In that movie, four different people tell four different stories about a murder.[2][5][6] This movie was based on the combination of events described in two short stories ('Rashomon' and 'In a Grove' written by Ryunosuke Akutagawa. The word 'Rashomon' refers to a gate in ancient Kyoto city.

Valerie Alia decided to call the real-life effect the Rashomon effect.[7]

In popular culture[change | change source]

Many works of fiction have used the Rashomon effect, for example movies:

Many television shows have episodes that use the Rashomon effect, for example:

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Wendy D. Roth; Jal D. Mehta (November 1, 2002). "The Rashomon Effect: Combining Positivist and Interpretivist Approaches in the Analysis of Contested Events (Abstract)". Sociological Methods & Research. 31 (2): 131–173. doi:10.1177/0049124102031002002. S2CID 145655872. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Patricia H. Werhane (April 18, 2019). "The Rashomon Effect (reprint)". Issues in Business Ethics. Irwin/McGraw Hill. 48: 189–97. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-89797-4_19. S2CID 239247313. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  3. Michalis G. Nikolaidis; Nikos V. Margaritelis (July 18, 2018). "Same Redox Evidence But Different Physiological "Stories": The Rashomon Effect in Biology". BioEssays. 40 (9): e1800041. doi:10.1002/bies.201800041. PMID 30019441. S2CID 51676384. Retrieved June 28, 2021.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: date and year (link)
  4. Bruce Reider (August 6, 2012). "The Rashomon Effect". American Journal of Sports Medicine. 40 (8): 1719–1721. doi:10.1177/0363546512455787. PMID 22869757. S2CID 38281180. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  5. Mary V. Rorty; Patricia H Werhane; Ann E. Mills (2004). "The Rashomon effect: organization ethics in health care". HEC Forum. 16 (2): 75–94. doi:10.1023/b:hecf.0000037120.40045.05. PMID 15352334. S2CID 31298852. Retrieved June 28, 2021.
  6. Kyle DeGuzman (January 3, 2021). "What is The Rashomon Effect — Definition, Examples in Film". Studio Binder. Retrieved June 29, 2021.
  7. Earl J. Ginter; Gargi Roysircar; Lawrence H. Gerstein (March 22, 2018). Theories and Applications in Counseling and Psychotherapy: Relevance Across Cultures and Settings. SAGE Publications. p. 528. ISBN 9781483309453. Retrieved June 29, 2021.