Epistemologists are philosophers who are interested in questions such as whether it is possible to have knowledge, what kind of knowledge there is, and how people come to know things.
- "Certain truth has no man... for even if he ever succeeds in saying what is true, he will never know it".
This is an early kind of skepticism.
Some questions[change | change source]
Some positions[change | change source]
- Knowing how vs. knowing that: This was an idea of Gilbert Ryle. Moral questions, for example, may come down to knowing how to behave. Science could be about knowing that something is the case.
- Rational vs. empirical knowledge: Rational knowledge (if it exists) is knowledge built up from a person's internal thought. Empirical knowledge is built up from what is received through the senses.
- Error: Knowledge cannot err vs. the possibility of making mistakes is an essential part of knowledge (Ludwig Wittgenstein).
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
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- from the Greek words episteme = science and logos = word/speech
- Concise Oxford Dictionary
- Guthrie W.K.C. 1962. A history of Greek philosophy. Vol 1: the earlier Presocratics and the Pythagoreans. Cambridge. p395 (quotation abbreviated)
- Ryle, Gilbert. 1949. The concept of mind, chapter 2.
- Ayer A.J. 1956. The problem of knowledge.
- Russell, Bertrand 1914. Our knowledge of the external world.
- Woozley A.D. 1949. Theory of knowledge. (elementary)
- Hamlyn D.W. 1970. Theory of knowledge. (more advanced)