Ratcliff, London

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Pitsea Street, E1 - geograph.org.uk - 1495570.jpg
Pitsea Street, viewed from Cable Street
Ratcliff is located in Greater London
Location within Greater London
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtE1, E1W, E14
Dialling code020
London Assembly
List of places
51°30′43″N 0°02′20″W / 51.512054°N 0.038946°W / 51.512054; -0.038946Coordinates: 51°30′43″N 0°02′20″W / 51.512054°N 0.038946°W / 51.512054; -0.038946

Ratcliff is an area of East London. It is in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.[1] It is located on the north side of the River Thames. It was once a hamlet in the historic county of Middlesex.[2]

Ratcliff is the site of one of London biggest fires in 1794. It began at Clovers Barge Yard. The flames quickly spread to a nearby barge loaded with saltpetre. This was a substance used to make gunpowder and matches. This exploded. Causing the fire to spread and destroying Ratcliff.[3]

Etymology[change | change source]

Ratcliff name is from a sandstone cliff. This used to be above the surrounding marshes. This had a red appearance. Hence Red-cliffe.

History[change | change source]

Ratcliffe was known for shipbuilding.[4] It was a important sea departure area. In the sixteenth century. Such as Willoughby and Frobisher.[4] Ratcliffe at this time also had the largest population in Stepney. Having 3500 residents.[4]

Around 1669. Almost 200 Presbyterians were worshipping inside a warehouse in Ratcliffe. There was a purpose built Quaker meeting house in Schoolhouse Lane that had been built near the same time.[5]

Ratcliffe was divided between the parishes of Limehouse and Stepney until 1866. It was constituted a separate civil parish. It was then administered by Limehouse District Board of Works. In 1900 it joined the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney.[6]

As the warehouses fell into decline. They were not allowed to stand and were cleared for redevelopment.[7]

Reference[change | change source]

  1. https://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/1796
  2. https://spitalfieldslife.com/2015/02/10/the-lost-hamlet-of-ratcliff/
  3. https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/Ratcliffe-Fire-of-1794/
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 December 2005. Retrieved 15 December 2005.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) accessed 20 April 2008
  5. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=22739 accessed 21 April 2008
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) accessed 20 April 2008
  7. http://www.godfreydykes.info/The%20lost%20village%20of%20Ratcliff.htm%20(2013_11_05%2019_40_34%20UTC).html