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Ravenscraig is an area of land in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. It used to be the site for steelworks. Ravenscraig used to have the largest steel mill in Western Europe. Ravenscraig was closed in 1992, and is now almost completely gone.

Ravenscraig is now at the start of a big redevelopment by Wilson Bowden Developments Ltd, Scottish Enterprise and Corus, to create a full new town.

Location[change | change source]

Ravenscraig is very easy to get to. More than two—thirds of Scotland’s population live within 90 minutes drive.

Located in North Lanarkshire, Ravenscraig is between the towns of Wishaw and Motherwell, who house a population of over 60,000.

Ravenscraig lies only a few minutes drive from both the M74 and the M8 motorways which lead to Glasgow and Edinburgh, Scotland's two biggest cities.

History[change | change source]

Ravenscraig Rolling Mills in 1985

Another steel maker, Colvilles, decided to expand their business in July 1954. They were the largest steel manufacturer before World War II.[1][2]

In 1954, Colvilles began the first stages of development in Ravenscraig, that turned Ravenscraig from an empty field into a site for steelworks. By 1957 most of the machinery was built and by 1959 the full building work was complete.[3]

When Ravenscraig closed in 1993, that was the end of most steel making in Scotland.[4] 770 jobs were lost, along with another 10,000 jobs, both directly and indirectly linked.[5]

Current State[change | change source]

In its current state, Ravenscraig is one of the largest derelict sites in Europe measuring over 1125 acres in size. Ravenscraig is the same size as an area of 700 football pitches and double the size of Monaco.[6][7][8]

Future Plans[change | change source]

After many years of planning, Ravenscraig will be rebuilt by three equal companies: Wilson Bowden Developments Ltd, Scottish Enterprise and Corus and will be one of the largest regenerations in Europe, with 400 acres being developed.

Ravenscraig will have lots of new facilities:

New facilities
3,500 new homes
A new town centre with 84,000 square metres of retail and leisure space
216,000 square metres of business and industrial space
Lots of parkland areas
A new transport network
New sports centre
A new college campus
Two New schools.

Part of the development will be to make new habitats for the wildlife that live in the area, such as deer, foxes, hares, otters, badgers, watervoles, butterflies and many birds. An "Ecological Clerk of Works" has been appointed to make sure the building works do not harm the wildlife.[9]

It is hoped that the £29million sports complex will be used as a training camp for the 2012 London Olympics and the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.[10]

There are many people who disagree with the building work. Many local residents and small businesses think that it will take jobs and customers from other towns.[11]

Transport[change | change source]

As part of the changes, the transport to Ravenscraig will get better. There will be new transport within walking distance of the new town centre, with buses going to Glasgow, Lanark and many other towns. There will be easy access to public transport throughout Ravenscraig that will include business routes, that will link to the public transport network with roads to the Motherwell and Carfin rail stations.[12]

Motherwell FC[change | change source]

Local press have said that the Scottish Premier League football team, Motherwell Football Club could buy some land in Ravenscraig to build a new football stadium, leaving behind their home of 113 years, Fir Park. Motherwell Chairman, John Boyle has said "No decisions have been taken and we are simply exploring realistic options at this stage."[13]

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Company and Its Allied Concerns - Colville's Magazine, 1920". Archived from the original on 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  2. Campbell, R. H. (1958). Iron and Steel. Chapter 5, In: Cunnison, J. and Gilfillan, J. B. S. (Editors) (1958). The Third Statistical Account of Scotland, Volume V, The City of Glasgow. Glasgow: William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd.
  3. "Ravenscraig Steel Works History 1954 - 1992". Archived from the original on 2008-11-23. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  4. Stratton, Michael and Trinder, Barry (2000). Twentieth Century Industrial Archaeology. London: E & FN Spon. ISBN 0-419-24680-0.
  5. Still time for a new strategy. (closing of British Steel's Ravenscraig, Scotland steel plant)
  6. Google Maps
  7. Scottish Government - (Henry McLeish backs plans for Ravenscraig Regeneration)
  8. "Ravenscraig.co.uk Homepage". Archived from the original on 2008-11-03. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  9. "- Ravenscraig - Natural Heritage". Archived from the original on 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2008-10-29.
  10. Scottish Government - (£29m for Ravenscraig sports complex)
  11. BBC News - Controversy over steelworks plan
  12. Ravenscraig.co.uk
  13. "Motherwell Times". Archived from the original on 2008-03-11. Retrieved 2008-10-29.