Rheine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rheine
Rheine-Emswehr.jpg
Coat of arms of Rheine
Coat of arms
Rheine is located in Germany
Rheine
Rheine
Location of Rheine within Steinfurt district
Rheine in ST.svg
Coordinates: Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:ISO 3166/data/DE' not found.
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionMünster
DistrictSteinfurt
Government
 • MayorAngelika Kordfelder (SPD)
Area
 • Total145 km2 (56 sq mi)
Elevation35 m (115 ft)
Population (2016-12-31)[1]
 • Total75,338
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes48429-48432
Dialling codes05971, 05975, 05459
Vehicle registrationST, BF, TE
Websitewww.rheine.de

Rheine is a city in the district of Steinfurt, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is the biggest city in the district.

Geography[change | change source]

Rheine is on the river Ems, about 40 kilometers north of Münster, about 45 kilometers west of Osnabrück and 45 kilometers east of Enschede (Netherlands).

Division of the town[change | change source]

Rheine consists of 15 districts:

  • Altenrheine
  • Bentlage
  • Catenhorn
  • Dorenkamp
  • Dutum
  • Elte
  • Eschendorf (Kiebitzheide)
  • Gellendorf
  • Hauenhorst
  • Rheine (city center)
  • Mesum
  • Rodde
  • Schleupe
  • Schotthock
  • Wadelheim

Neighbouring municipalities[change | change source]

History[change | change source]

Although a lot of people have lived in the area around the city since prehistorical times, Rheine was first mentioned in a document signed by Louis the Pious only in 838. On 15 August 1327 it got its town charter from Louis II, Bishop of Münster.

The settlement was founded by reason of two old merchant roads crossing nearby, as well as a ford crossing the river Ems. Frankish soldiers secured this strategic point by a barrack yard at first. Later a church and more buildings were added to this outpost.

In the end of Thirty Years' War the city burned down almost completely. Swedish and Hessian troops besieged imperial soldiers who entrenched themselves in Rheine. On 20th/21st September and 19th October 1647 glowing cannonballs set fire to the city, 365 houses got razed.

During the industrialisation textile industry prospered. It continued to be an important economical factor until the second half of the 20th century. Today engineering industries and services form the largest part of economy in Rheine.

Twin towns[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 2018-02-24.

Other websites[change | change source]