Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force (sometimes called RAF, its acronym), is the air force of the United Kingdom. The RAF began in 1918 when the Royal Flying Corps (spoken as 'core') and the Royal Naval Air Service joined together. It is the oldest air force in the world. The first man to lead the RAF was Hugh Trenchard. The RAF have many bases across the world, including the UK, Falkland Islands, Cyprus and Gibraltar. Some examples of the UK bases are RAF Lossiemouth in Scotland, RAF Valley in Wales, RAF Aldergrove in Northern Ireland and RAF Linton-on Ouse in England. The RAF has very new planes including the Eurofighter Typhoon, Panavia Tornado and the BAe Systems Hawk. The Hawk is used to train fast-jet pilots.
World War II[change | change source]
The RAF was very busy during World War II. A lot of important planes were built for the RAF during that time. The Supermarine Spitfire, Hawker Hurricane and Avro Lancaster bomber were aircraft which helped defend Britain during the Battle of Britain. The RAF lost a lot of pilots and aircraft because they were shot down by the Luftwaffe, the German Air Force.
References[change | change source]
- "RAF Timeline 1918–1929". Royal Air Force. 2011. http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/raftimeline19181929.cfm. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "World War I". Royal Air Force. 2011. http://www.raf.mod.uk/history/historywwi.cfm. Retrieved 20 April 2011.