This article is about a World Heritage Site

Kew Gardens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kew Gardens
Kew Gardens Temperate House from the Pagoda - geograph.org.uk - 227173.jpg
Kew Gardens Temperate House from the Pagoda
Kew Map.jpg
Type Botanical
Location London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, England
Coordinates 51°28.480′N 0°17.728′W / 51.474667°N 0.295467°W / 51.474667; -0.295467Coordinates: 51°28.480′N 0°17.728′W / 51.474667°N 0.295467°W / 51.474667; -0.295467
Area 121 hectares (300 acres)
Opened 1759 (1759)
Visitors more than 1.35 million per year
Species > 30,000
Website www.kew.org
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iii), (iv) Edit this on Wikidata
Reference 1084
Inscription 2003 (27th Session)

Kew Gardens or the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in the United Kingdom.[1]

Kew’s historic landscapes and buildings are a collection of gardens and parks and glasshouses.[2]

Kew has the world's largest collection of plant specimens, and is one of the most important centres of research in botany.[2]

History[change | change source]

Early work on the gardens started in the 17th century when King Henry VII built Richmond Lodge in the area.[3]

The land was a private royal garden until the Victorian era. In 1840, the Royal Botanic Garden was established.[4]

The great expansion of the British Empire in the 19th century brought an expanded interest in exotic plants, so the gardens expanded.[5]

In the 20th century, the gardens continued to grow larger and even more important in plant science.[6]

The gardens were named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2003.[1]

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 UNESCO, "Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew). About World Heritage Status; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  3. 16th & 17th Centuries: Royal Influences"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  4. Kew, "Questions in Parliament 1837-1840"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  5. Kew, "1841 - 1885: The expansion of the Royal Botanic Gardens"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  6. Kew, "Unification and expansion of the Gardens"; retrieved 2012-4-20.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Kew Gardens at Wikimedia Commons