Sāmarrā (Arabic: سامراء) is a town in Iraq. It is on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah ad Din Governorate, 125 km north of Baghdad. In 2003, the town had an estimated population of 348,700 people.
Medieval Islamic writers believed that the name “Samarra” came from the Arabic phrase, “Sarre men ra’a” "سر من رأى" meaning “A joy for all who see”. It was changed later by Armenian soldiers to "Samarra" "ساء من رأى" which means "A sad for all who see".[dubious ]
Samarra is a city of culture and heritage. Samarra is home to the Malwiya Mosque Minerat. People from Samarra are known for looking different in physical appearance to other Iraqis. They tend to have lighter skin, hair, eyes and have more caucasian looking characteristics.