Slovak Republic (1939–1945)
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|Motto: Verní sebe, svorne napred!|
"Faithful to Ourselves, Together Ahead!"
|Anthem: Hej, Slováci|
English: "Hey, Slovaks"
|Status||Client state of Germany[a]|
|Common languages||Slovak, Hungarian|
|Government||Clerical fascist one-party republic under a totalitarian dictatorship|
|Historical era||World War II|
|14 March 1939|
|23 March 1939|
|21 July 1939|
|1 September 1939|
|22 June 1941|
|29 August 1944|
|4 April 1945|
|Today part of||Slovakia|
The (First) Slovak Republic (Slovak: [Prvá] Slovenská republika), also known as the Slovak State (Slovenský štát), was a partially-recognized state of Nazi Germany which existed between 14 March 1939 and 4 April 1945.
Notes[change | change source]
- Views differ on Slovakia's relation to Germany. István Deák writes, "Despite the claims of some historians, [Slovakia] functioned not as a puppet state but as Nazi Germany’s first but not last Slavic-speaking military ally". Tatjana Tönsmeyer, who maintains that the puppet-state narrative overstates German influence and understates Slovakia's autonomy, notes that Slovak authorities frequently avoided implementing measures pushed by the Germans when such measures did not suit Slovak priorities. According to German historian Barbara Hutzelmann, "Although the country was not independent, in the full sense of the word, it would be too simplistic to see this German-protected state (Schutzstaat) simply as a 'puppet regime'." Ivan Kamenec, however, emphasizes German influence on Slovak internal and external politics and describes it as a "German satellite".
References[change | change source]
- Deák 2015, pp. 35–36. sfn error: no target: CITEREFDeák2015 (help)
- Hutzelmann 2016, p. 168. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHutzelmann2016 (help)
- Kamenec 2011a, pp. 180–182. sfn error: no target: CITEREFKamenec2011a (help)
- Doe, Norman (4 August 2011). Law and Religion in Europe: A Comparative Introduction. OUP Oxford. ISBN 978-0-19-960401-2 – via Google Books.