Spokane Native Americans

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Spokane
Sqeliz
File:Spokane Tribe Logo BW.JPG
Spokane tribal logo[1]
The current Spokane reservation size compared to ancestral land of the Spokane people.
Total population
2,708[2]
Regions with significant populations
United States United States (Washington Washington)
Languages
English, Spokan or Spokane language
(dialect of Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille language)[3]
Religion
Dreamer Faith,[4] traditional tribal religion, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Bitterroot Salish, Coeur D'Alene, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreilles, and other Interior Salish tribes

The Spokan or Spokane people are a Native American tribe. They live in the eastern part of present-day Washington state and parts of northern Idaho in the United States of America.

The current Spokane Indian Reservation is in northeastern Washington, centered at Wellpinit (Sčecuwe).[5] The reservation is almost entirely in Stevens County. However, it also includes two small bits of land (totaling about 1.52 acres [0.62 ha]) in Lincoln County. This includes part of the Spokane River. In total, the reservation is about 615 square kilometres (237 sq mi).

The city of Spokane, Washington (Sʎˈetkʷ) is named after the tribe. It grew along the Spokane River, within the historic ancestral land of the tribe, but not in the reservation.

References[change | change source]

  • Clark, Ella. Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953. Print.
  • Fisher, Andrew H. "Dreamer Cult." Encyclopedia of American Indian History. Ed. Bruce E. Johansen and Barry M. Pritzker. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008. 380-381. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 May 2016.
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
  • Pritzker, Barry M. "Spokanes." The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607-1890: A Political, Social, and Military History. Ed. Spencer C. Tucker, James Arnold, and Roberta Wiener. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2011. 752-753. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 May 2016.
  • Ruby, Robert H and Brown, John A. The Spokane Indians: Children of the Sun. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970. Print.
  • Spokane Reservation, Washington United States Census Bureau

Other websites[change | change source]

  • " Spokane Tribe " Spokane Tribal Seal. 2011 (retrieved 28 February)
  • As of April 2011, " Spokane Tribe " (retrieved March 16, 2015)
  • Pritzker, 280
  • Pritzker, 281
  • Spokane Tribe Language and Culture