Spokane Native Americans
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( Washington)|
|English, Spokan or Spokane language|
(dialect of Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille language)
|Dreamer Faith, traditional tribal religion, Christianity|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Bitterroot Salish, Coeur D'Alene, Kootenai, Pend d'Oreilles, and other Interior Salish tribes|
The current Spokane Indian Reservation is in northeastern Washington, centered at Wellpinit (Sčecuwe). The reservation is almost entirely in Stevens County. However, it also includes two small bits of land (totaling about 1.52 acres [0.62 ha]) in Lincoln County. This includes part of the Spokane River. In total, the reservation is about 615 square kilometres (237 sq mi).
The city of Spokane, Washington (Sʎˈetkʷ) is named after the tribe. It grew along the Spokane River, within the historic ancestral land of the tribe, but not in the reservation.
References[change | change source]
- Clark, Ella. Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1953. Print.
- Fisher, Andrew H. "Dreamer Cult." Encyclopedia of American Indian History. Ed. Bruce E. Johansen and Barry M. Pritzker. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2008. 380-381. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 May 2016.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.
- Pritzker, Barry M. "Spokanes." The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Wars, 1607-1890: A Political, Social, and Military History. Ed. Spencer C. Tucker, James Arnold, and Roberta Wiener. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2011. 752-753. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 23 May 2016.
- Ruby, Robert H and Brown, John A. The Spokane Indians: Children of the Sun. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1970. Print.
- Spokane Reservation, Washington United States Census Bureau
Other websites[change | change source]
- Spokane Tribe of Indians, official site
- History and Culture, presented in the Website of the Wellpinit School District
- Spokane Tribe of Indians Language Program
- Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. .
- The Spokan Indians, by John Alan Ross, published 2011, ISBN 978-0-9832311-0-3, the definitive ethnography
- Spokane Salish Blog