Surah Al-Imran

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Sura 3 of the Quran
آل عِمْرَان
Āl ʿImrān
The Family of Imran
ClassificationMedinan
PositionJuzʼ 3–4
No. of Rukus20
No. of verses200
No. of words3503
No. of letters14605
Opening muqaṭṭaʻātAlif Lam Meem
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Quran 4 →
Imran 193 Tiling Nishapur Moaque

Al-Imran ( Arabic : آل عمران) is the third surah of the Muslim religious book, the Qur'an , with 200 verses and 20 ruku's. Surah Al-Imran has been revealed in Medina.

Name[change | change source]

Verses 33 to 35 of this Surah speak of "Ali-Imran" or "Descendants of Imran". Its name has been considered as a sign. (The correct pronunciation of the name of this surah is 'Ali Imran'). Imran is the grandfather of Isa (AS).

Time and content of the revelation[change | change source]

The first sermon starts from the first of the sura and continues till verse 32 and it was probably revealed near the battle of Badr.

The second speech starts from verse 33 and ends in verse 63 (up to the end of the 6th verse). It was revealed in the 9th Hijri when the Najran delegation arrived.

The third speech is from the beginning of the seventh ruku to the end of the twelfth ruku. It was revealed with the first speech.

The fourth discourse continues from the thirteenth ruku 'to the end of the surah. It was revealed after the battle of Ohod.

Reason for the revelation[change | change source]

The historical background of the surah is:

One: The trials, dangers and crises that the believers of this true religion were warned about earlier in Surah Al-Baqarah took place in full force. Although the believers won the battle of Badr, this battle was like throwing a wheel at Bhimrul. This first armed conflict suddenly shook all the Arab powers that were hostile to this new movement. Signs of a storm were appearing everywhere. There was a constant state of fear and unrest among the Muslims. It seemed, This small settlement of Medina, which has been attacked all over the world, will be wiped off the face of the earth. This situation had a very negative effect on the economic condition of Medina. Medina was a small mooseball town. The settlement was no more than a few show houses. The sudden arrival of a large number of emigrants there. As a result, the economic balance was lost. He was again in danger due to this state of war.

Two: The treaty that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made with the Jewish tribes around Medina did not show the slightest respect for that treaty. During the Battle of Badr, all the sympathies of the People of the Book were with the idolatrous polytheists instead of the Muslims who believed in Tawheed and Prophethood and the Book and the Hereafter. After the Battle of Badr, they openly incited the Quraish and other Arab tribes against the Muslims to take revenge. In particular, the chief of the Bani Nadir, Ka'b ibn Ashraf, reduced his opposition to this to the level of blind rivalry. They did not care about the friendship and neighborly relations that these Jews had had with the people of Medina for hundreds of years. Finally, when their misdeeds and breaches of the covenant exceeded the limits, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was the most numerous of these Jewish tribes a few months after the Battle of Badr. The wicked 'Bani Kainuka' attacked the tribe and drove them out of the suburbs of Medina. But this only intensified the violence of other Jewish tribes. They conspired with the hypocritical Muslims of Medina and the polytheistic tribes of Hijaz and created innumerable dangers for Islam and Muslims on all sides. Even when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was attacked for his life, this fear was present all the time. At that time the Companions were always armed. Night guards were kept for fear of night raids. If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had been hidden from view for even a short time, the Companions would have gone out to look for him. By conspiring with the tribes, it created innumerable dangers on all sides for Islam and Muslims. Even when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was attacked for his life, this fear was present all the time. At that time the Companions were always armed. Night guards were kept for fear of night raids. If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had been hidden from view for even a short time, the Companions would have gone out to look for him. By conspiring with the tribes, it created innumerable dangers on all sides for Islam and Muslims. Even when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was attacked for his life, this fear was present all the time. At that time the Companions were always armed. Night guards were kept for fear of night raids. If the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had been hidden from view for even a short time, the Companions would have gone out to look for him.

Three: After the defeat of Badr, the fire of revenge was burning in the minds of the Quraish, and the Jews sprinkled kerosene on him. As a result, a year later, a group of three thousand well-equipped soldiers from Medina attacked Medina. This battle took place at the foot of Mount Ohud. That is why it is known as the Battle of Ohod. One thousand people left Madinah with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to take part in this battle. But on the way, three hundred hypocrites suddenly separated and returned to Medina. Among the seven hundred who remained with the Prophet was a small group of hypocrites. During the war, they made every possible effort to create strife among the Muslims. This is the first time that such a large number of sleeve snakes are hidden in the homes of Muslims and they have joined hands with outside enemies to harm their brothers and friends and relatives.

Four: The defeat of the Muslims in the battle of Uhud was a big part of the strategy of the hypocrites, but the Muslims themselves were no less a part of their weakness. It was only natural that the party, which had just been formed on the basis of a particular ideology and moral system, whose moral training had not yet been completed and whose only second chance to fight for its own beliefs and policies, should show some weakness. Therefore, it was necessary to comment in detail on all these incidents after the war and to point out the weaknesses of the Muslims in the eyes of Islam and to point out the corrections. In this context, it is useful to keep in mind that the Qur'an's commentary on this war is different from what other generals comment on it after their own war!

Verses: 1: - Alif Lam Meem. 2: - There is no god but Allah, He is the Ever-Living, the Possessor of all things. 3: He has sent down to you the Book with the truth; Which confirms the previous books. 4: - The Torah and the Gospel have been sent down before this Book for the guidance of mankind, and the Revelation has been sent down. Indeed, those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah - for them is a severe punishment. And Allah is Mighty, Avenger. 5: Nothing in the heavens and the earth is hidden from Allah. 6: He is the God who shapes you in the womb as He wills. There is no god but He. He is the Almighty, the Wise. 6: He is the One who sent down the Book to you. There are some clear verses in it, they are the real part of the book. And the others are metaphorical. So those who have crookedness in their hearts, They follow the metaphors in them for the purpose of spreading sedition and misinterpretation. And no one knows their interpretation except Allah. And those who are deep in knowledge say: We believe in it. All this is a revelation from our Lord. And no one receives education except those who are endowed with understanding. 6: Our Lord! Thou wilt not lead our hearts astray after Our guidance, and bestow on us grace from Thee. You are the giver of everything. 9: Our Lord! You will surely bring people together one day - there is no doubt about it. GOD does not fulfill His promise. 10: Those who disbelieve, their wealth and their children will not avail them aught against Allah. And they are the fuel of Hell. 11: The people of Pharaoh and those before them denied My revelations. As a result, GOD seized them for their sins, and GOD's retribution was severe. 12: Tell the disbelievers that you will soon be defeated and driven to Hell. What a miserable position. 13: Surely there was a sign for you between the two parties. A party fights in the way of Allah. And the other party was the disbelievers, who saw them with their own eyes. And whom Allah strengthens with His help. In the meantime, there are lessons for those who have vision. 14: - Mankind has been fascinated by women, children, zodiac gold and silver, marked horses, cattle and farms. All these are the consumables of worldly life. The best refuge is with God. 15: - Say, Shall I tell you to seek better than this? For those who guard (against evil), with Allah is Paradise, beneath which rivers flow, to abide therein forever. And pure companions, and the pleasure of Allah. And Allah is ever watchful over His servants.

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