Surface-to-air missile

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
SA-2 Guideline surface-to-air missiles, one of the most widely used SAM systems in the world

A surface-to-air missile (SAM), also known as a ground-to-air missile (GTAM) or surface-to-air guided weapon (SAGW), is a type of missile that is launched from ground or from a ship to destroy aircraft or other missiles.[1] It is one type of Anti-aircraft warfare.

Surface-to-air rockets[change | change source]

Model Picture Info
Patriot rockets (or missiles)
Range: it can go up to 160 km. It shoots down ballistic rockets.[2]

Variant (or model) of MIM-104:

  • M902 Patriot PAC-3

Buk 9K37
[7] In use by Ukrainian forces.
Pechora S-125
  • Pechora 2D
  • Newa SC


Osa 9K33
  • Osa-AKM
  • Osa-AKM-P1 "Żądło"
Kub 2K12
Stormer HVM Type: Very short range
9K35 Strela-10
9K35M Strela-10M4
2K22 Tunguska
  • Variant: 2K22M
MIM-23 Hawk MIM-23 Hawk Phase I
MIM-23 Hawk Phase III
Aspide Aspide 2000
Aster SAMP/T; medium and long range[12]
S-200 Long range[13] some were used again (as late as 2024's second quarter) during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[14][15][16] The Kyiv Post said, that maybe the rockets "have been upgraded", as of 2024.[17]
S-300 S-300V1
  • S-300P/PS/PT
  • S-300PMU[18]

References[change | change source]

  1. Wragg, David W. (1973). A Dictionary of Aviation (first ed.). Osprey. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-85045-163-4.
  2. Retrieved 2024-04-05
  3. Retrieved 2024-04-25
  4. In Ukraine, for the first time, the air defense system of the FrankenSAM — was used to bring down Shahed from a distance of 9 km, Lisa Brovko,, 17 January 2024.
  5. Kaitlin Lewis (17 January 2024). "What Is FrankenSAM? Ukraine Reports First Successful Use of New Weapon". Newsweek.
  6. Ukraine says it deployed its 'FrankenSAM' air-defense systems made from stitching together US and Soviet weapons. Business Insider. 28 December 2023.
  7. IISS 2024, p. 213.
  8. "Armed Forces of Ukraine showcased the operation of Ukrainian S-125 air defense systems". Militarnyi. Retrieved 22 October 2023.
  9. Cite error: The named reference OryxPoland was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  10. Roblin, Sébastien (30 August 2023). "The Three Fingers of Death Have Arrived in Ukraine". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 31 August 2023.
  11. Cite error: The named reference was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  12. "SAMP/T SAM has been deployed in Ukraine - Macron". Militarnyi. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  13. "Україна остаточно відмовилася від ЗРК С-200 - Український мілітарний портал". 2014-07-16. Archived from the original on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  14. Retrieved 2024-04-19
  15. Axe, David (24 February 2024). "Big Fat Missiles To Take Down Big Fat Russian Planes. How Ukraine Brought Back Its Massive S-200s". Forbes. Retrieved 29 February 2024.
  16. Retrieved 1 March 2024
  17. Retrieved 2024-05-01
  18. Cite error: The named reference SIPRI was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).

Other websites[change | change source]