Kamo was born in Hamamatsu on February 8, 1915. In 1936, when he was a Waseda University student, he was selected the Japan national team for 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. At this competition, on August 4, he debuted against Sweden. Japan completed a come-from-behind victory against Sweden. The first victory in Olympics for the Japan and the historic victory over one of the powerhouses became later known as "Miracle of Berlin" (ベルリンの奇跡) in Japan. In 2016, this team was selected Japan Football Hall of Fame. On August 7, he also played against Italy. He played 2 games for Japan in 1936. His younger brother Shogo Kamo was also an Olympic footballer for Japan.
On March 26, 2004, Kamo died of heart failure in Kawasaki at the age of 89. He was the last surviving member of his football team from the 1936 Olympics.