Tariqa (or tariqah; Arabic: طريقة ṭarīqah) is an islamic term to describe the spiritual path of a Sufi. The Sufi will take this path to get to the knowledge of Allah. In a broader sense, it is the name for a group of Muslims following such a path. This group is called Sufi order. It has a murshid (guide) who plays the role of leader or spiritual director. The members or followers of a tariqa are known as muridin (singular murid), meaning "desirous", viz. "desiring the knowledge of God and loving God" (also called a faqir). Tariqa is also believed to be the same as Tzadik of Judaism meaning the "rightly guided one". They seek haqiqa, which translates as "ultimate truth".
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Bibliography[change | change source]
- J. M. Abun-Nasr, "The Tijaniyya", London 1965
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- Clayer, Nathalie, Muslim Brotherhood Networks, EGO - European History Online, Mainz: Institute of European History, 2011, retrieved: May 23, 2011.
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- Mateus Soares de Azevedo, "Ordens Sufis no Islã: Iniciação às Confrarias Esotéricas muçulmanas no Irã xiita e no mundo sunita", São Paulo, Polar Editora, 2020
Other websites[change | change source]
- PHILTAR (Philosophy of Theology and Religion at the Division of Religion and Philosophy of St Martin's College) has a very useful Graphical illustration of the Sufi schools.
- Infographics on the evolution of Tasawwuf and notable Sufi masters in history. Unveiling the Mystical World of Tasawwuf and Sufi Stories: Personal Experiences and Perspectives