From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Tariqa (or tariqah; Arabic: طريقة ṭarīqah) is an islamic term to describe the spiritual path of a Sufi. The Sufi will take this path to get to the knowledge of Allah. In a broader sense, it is the name for a group of Muslims following such a path. This group is called Sufi order. It has a murshid (guide) who plays the role of leader or spiritual director. The members or followers of a tariqa are known as muridin (singular murid), meaning "desirous", viz. "desiring the knowledge of God and loving God" (also called a faqir). Tariqa is also believed to be the same as Tzadik of Judaism meaning the "rightly guided one". They seek haqiqa, which translates as "ultimate truth".

The first Tariqas were founded in the 12th and 13th century and many of them still exist today. The head of a Tariqas is called a sheikh, the disciples are called dervishes.

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