Technophobia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Frankenstein is one of the early examples of Technophobia. This image shows Boris Karloff who played Frankenstein, in the 1930s.

Technophobia is the fear, or dislike, of more advanced technical devices. Technophobia has occurred since the Industrial Revolution. Very often, artists show technophobia in their works. Two examples of this are Frankenstein, and the movie Metropolis. The Luddites were a movement of textile workers who fought against the use of machines, in the 19th century.

Technophobia in anabaptist groups[change | change source]

Anabaptist groups, such as the Amish or the Mennionites are often shown as being against all modern technology. This image is false, and largely relies on ignorance. These groups are not technophobic, they simply judge the technologies they use: if the technology is useful for the group as a whole, and it does not pose a risk in making the group fall apart, the technology is usually kept. As an example, tractors are used, because they help with agriculture. Cars, on the other hand, are often not used, because they help drive the community apart.

Occurrence[change | change source]

In a study, done between 1992 and 1994 University students in different countries were asked if they were technophobic:[1][2] Among the 3.392 participants in the United States, 29% identified as strongly technophobic.[3] As a comparison, 58% of the Japanese pariicipants identified as technophobic, in India, the number was 82%, and in Mexico, it was 53%.[3]

References[change | change source]

  1. Matthieu Guitton: Computers in Human Behavior Elsevier, accessed 5 July 2018.
  2. Weil, Michelle M.; Rosen, Larry D. (1995). "A Study of Technological Sophistication and Technophobia in University Students From 23 Countries". Computers in human behavior. 11 (1): 95–133. doi:10.1016/0747-5632(94)00026-E. Over a two-year period, from 1992 - 1994, data were collected from 3,392 first year university students in 38 universities from 23 countries on their level of technological sophistication and level of technophobia. Technological sophistication was measured by the use of consumer technology (video-cassette recorders, microwave ovens, automated banking, computer/video games), university computing (classroom computer use, word processing experience, programming experience and use of library computers) and computer ownership. Technophobia was assessed by instruments measuring computer anxiety, computer cognitions and computer attitudes.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Weil, Michelle M.; Rosen, Larry D. (1995). "A Study of Technological Sophistication and Technophobia in University Students From 23 Countries". Computers in human behavior. 11 (1): 95–133. doi:10.1016/0747-5632(94)00026-E. Table 2. Percentage of Students in each country who possessed high levels of technophobia; several points are worth noting from Table 2. First, a group of countries including Indonesia, Poland, India, Kenya, Saudi Arabia, Japan, Mexico and Thailand show large percentages (over 50 %) of technophobic students. In contrast, there are five countries which show under 30 % technophobes (USA, Yugoslavia - Croatia, Singapore, Israel and Hungary). The remaining countries were in between these two groupings.