|The Birth of a Nation|
|Directed by||D. W. Griffith|
|Written by||D. W. Griffith, T. F. Dixon, Jr.|
Frank E. Woods
|Produced by||D. W. Griffith, Harry Aitken|
Henry B. Walthall
|Edited by||D. W. Griffith|
|Music by||Joseph Carl Breil|
|Distributed by||Epoch Producing Co.|
|190 minutes (at 16 frame/s)|
The movie is about two families during the American Civil War and the Reconstruction era. The Northern Stoneman family is pro-Union. The Southern Cameron family is pro-Confederacy. The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln by John Wilkes Booth is dramatized.
The movie was a great success. It was very controversial though. It showed African-American men (played by white actors in blackface) as stupid and sexually aggressive towards white women. It also showed the Ku Klux Klan as a heroic force. There were protests. The movie was banned in several cities. The outcry of racism was great. Screenings were often followed by riots and attacks.
The movie is also credited in part with the formation of the "second era" Ku Klux Klan the same year. The Birth of a Nation was used as a recruiting tool for the KKK. In 1915, it was the first movie to be shown at the White House.
References[change | change source]
- D. W. Griffith: Hollywood Independent
- Armstrong, Eric M. (February 26, 2010). "Revered and Reviled: D.W. Griffith's 'The Birth of a Nation'". The Moving Arts Film Journal. Archived from the original on May 29, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2010.
- Mass Moments: “The Birth of a Nation” Sparks Protest
- "Top Ten - Top 10 Banned Films of the 20th Century - Top 10 - Top 10 List - Top 10 Banned Movies - Censored Movies - Censored Films". Archived from the original on 2012-05-12. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
- A Birth of a Nation essays
- Perks in the White House
- Variety: The Ultimate Screening: ’42′ Gets a White House Endorsement