|The Color Purple|
|Directed by||Steven Spielberg|
|Screenplay by||Menno Meyjes|
|Produced by||Steven Spielberg|
Rae Dawn Chong
|Edited by||Michael Kahn|
|Music by||Quincy Jones|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. Pictures|
|December 18, 1985|
|Box office||$142 million|
The Color Purple is a 1985 American period drama movie directed by Steven Spielberg with a screenplay by Menno Meyjes, based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning 1982 novel of the same name by Alice Walker. It was Spielberg's eighth movie as a director, and marked a change from the summer blockbusters for which he had become known. It was also the first movie directed by Spielberg for which John Williams did not compose the music. It stars Whoopi Goldberg, Danny Glover, Desreta Jackson, Margaret Avery, Oprah Winfrey, Rae Dawn Chong, Willard Pugh, and Adolph Caesar in his final roles.
Filmed in Anson and Union counties in North Carolina, the movie tells the story of an young African American girl named Celie Harris and shows the problems African American women faced during the early 20th century, including domestic violence, incest, pedophilia, poverty, racism, and sexism. Celie is changed as she finds her self-worth through the help of two strong female friends.
The movie was a box office success, grossing $142 million against a budget of $15 million. The movie received positive reviews from critics, receiving praise for its acting, direction, screenplay, musical score, and production values; but it was also criticized by some critics for being "over-sentimental" and "stereotypical." The movie was nominated for eleven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, without winning any; it also received four Golden Globe Award nominations, with Whoopi Goldberg winning Best Actress in a Drama. Steven Spielberg did not receive an Academy Award nomination for his directing, but did receive a Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement, and a Golden Globe nomination. The movie was later included in Roger Ebert's book series The Great Movies.
Cast[change | change source]
- Whoopi Goldberg as Celie Harris Johnson
- Danny Glover as Mr. Albert Johnson
- Oprah Winfrey as Sofia
- Margaret Avery as Shug Avery
- Akosua Busia as Nettie Harris
- Adolph Caesar as Old Mister
- Willard Pugh as Harpo Johnson
- Rae Dawn Chong as Squeak
- Larry Fishburne as Swain
- Dana Ivey as Miss Millie
- Leon Rippy as Store Clerk
- Bennet Guillory as Grady
- James Tillis as Henry "Buster" Broadnax
- Desreta Jackson as Young Celie Harris
- Leonard Jackson as Alphonso "Pa" Harris
- Howard Starr as Young Harpo Johnson
- Lelo Masamba as Olivia Johnson
Awards[change | change source]
The Color Purple was nominated for 11 Academy Awards. Notably, Spielberg was not nominated for his direction. It won none of the Academy Awards. This tied the record set by 1977's The Turning Point for the most Oscar nominations without a single win.
- Academy Awards nominations
- Best Picture
- Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
- Best Actress in a Leading Role; Whoopi Goldberg
- Best Actress in a Supporting Role; Margaret Avery
- Best Actress in a Supporting Role; Oprah Winfrey
- Best Art Direction-Set Decoration; J. Michael Riva, Bo Welch, Linda DeScenna
- Best Cinematography; Allen Daviau
- Best Costume Design; Aggie Guerard Rodgers
- Best Makeup; Ken Chase
- Best Music, Original Score
- Best Original Song ("Miss Celie's Blues (Sister)")
The Color Purple was nominated for five Golden Globes, including Best Picture (Drama), Best Director for Spielberg, and Best Supporting Actress for Winfrey. Its only win went to Goldberg for Best Actress (Drama).
Spielberg received the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Motion Picture Director, his first.
References[change | change source]
- Corliss, Richard (Dec 23, 1985). "Cinema: The Three Faces of Steve the Color Purple". Time. Archived from the original on 2010-10-29. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
- "'Out of Africa' Ties as Oscar Nominees: 11 Citations; Spielberg Not Named". The Los Angeles Times. Feb 5, 1986. Retrieved 2010-10-29.
- Friendly, David T. (Mar 27, 1986). "Academy Hits Racism Accusation". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
- "Festival de Cannes: The". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-07-18.