|Tuthmosis III, "Manahpi(r)ya" in the Amarna letters|
Thutmosis III statue in Luxor Museum
|Pharaoh of Egypt|
|Reign||1479–1425 BC, Eighteenth Dynasty|
|Previous pharaoh||Hatshepsut (aunt & step-mother)|
|Next pharaoh||Amenhotep II (Son)|
|Consort(s)||Satiah, Hatshepsut-Meryetre, Nebtu, Menwi, Merti, Menhet, Nebsemi|
|Children||Amenemhat, Amenhotep II, Beketamun, Iset, Menkheperre, Meryetamun, Meryetamun, Nebetiunet, Nefertiri, Siamun|
|Died||1425 BC (aged 56)|
Officially, Thutmose III ruled Egypt for almost 54 years. His reign is usually dated from 24 April 1479 BC to 11 March 1425 BC, from the age of two and until his death at age fifty-six.
However, during the first 22 years of his reign, he was coregent with his stepmother and aunt, Hatshepsut, who was named as the pharaoh. During the final two years of his reign, he appointed his son and successor, Amenhotep II, as his junior co-regent. His firstborn son and heir to the throne, Amenemhat, died before Thutmose III.
As the sole ruler of the kingdom after the deaths of Thutmose II and Hatshepsut, he created the largest empire Egypt ever had. 17 campaigns were conducted. He conquered lands from the Niya Kingdom in northern Syria to the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in Nubia.
When Thutmose III died, he was buried in the Valley of the Kings. The rest of the kings from this period in Egypt were also buried there.
References[change | change source]
- Clayton, Peter. 1994. Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, p104.
- Dodson, Aidan & Hilton, Dyan. 2004. The complete royal families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, p132. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
- sometimes written as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, Thothmes in older history works
- Partridge R. 2002. Fighting Pharaohs: weapons and warfare in ancient Egypt. Manchester: Peartree, p202/203.