Thutmose III

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Thutmose III
Tuthmosis III, "Manahpi(r)ya" in the Amarna letters
Thutmosis III statue in Luxor Museum
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign1479–1425 BC, Eighteenth Dynasty
Previous pharaohHatshepsut (aunt & step-mother)
Next pharaohAmenhotep II (Son)
Consort(s)Satiah,[2] Hatshepsut-Meryetre, Nebtu, Menwi, Merti, Menhet, Nebsemi
ChildrenAmenemhat, Amenhotep II, Beketamun, Iset, Menkheperre, Meryetamun, Meryetamun, Nebetiunet, Nefertiri, Siamun[2]
FatherThutmose II
Hatshepsut (stepmother)
Born1481 BC
Died1425 BC (aged 56)
MonumentsCleopatra's Needle
A fragment of a wall block.
The hieroglyphs 'Son of Ra' are over the cartouche of the birth-name of Thutmos III. 18th Dynasty. The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, London

Thutmose III [3] (Thutmose means "Thoth is born") was the sixth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

Officially, Thutmose III ruled Egypt for almost 54 years. His reign is usually dated from 24 April 1479 BC to 11 March 1425 BC, from the age of two and until his death at age fifty-six.

However, during the first 22 years of his reign, he was coregent with his stepmother and aunt, Hatshepsut, who was named as the pharaoh.[4] During the final two years of his reign, he appointed his son and successor, Amenhotep II, as his junior co-regent. His firstborn son and heir to the throne, Amenemhat, died before Thutmose III.

As the sole ruler of the kingdom after the deaths of Thutmose II and Hatshepsut, he created the largest empire Egypt ever had. 17 campaigns were conducted. He conquered lands from the Niya Kingdom in northern Syria to the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in Nubia.

When Thutmose III died, he was buried in the Valley of the Kings. The rest of the kings from this period in Egypt were also buried there.

References[change | change source]

  1. Clayton, Peter. 1994. Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames & Hudson, p104.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Dodson, Aidan & Hilton, Dyan. 2004. The complete royal families of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson, p132. ISBN 0-500-05128-3
  3. sometimes written as Thutmosis or Tuthmosis III, Thothmes in older history works
  4. Partridge R. 2002. Fighting Pharaohs: weapons and warfare in ancient Egypt. Manchester: Peartree, p202/203.