Treaty of Trianon

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Drafted borders of Austria-Hungary in the treaties of Trianon and Saint Germain

The Treaty of Trianon is the peace treaty signed in 1920 between the Allies and Hungary.[1][2][3][4]

Hungary lost World War I and so the treaty gave about two thirds of its land and one third of its population to neighboring countries,[5] like Romania, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. Under the principle of self-determination the majority of the people in the lost territories were something other than Hungarian. The partition brought irredentism, since many people in the lost lands were Hungarian and wanted to continue being part of Hungary. Hundreds of thousands of people from the lost territories sought refuge in Hungary.[6]

Also, the treaty forced Hungary to pay reparations and to limit the size of its army. Meanwhile, France helped its allies the Romanians to strengthen their army and defend their new territory of Transylvania.

References[change | change source]

  1. Craig, G.A. (1966). Europe since 1914. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
  2. Grenville, J.A.S. (1974). The Major International Treaties 1914-1973. A history and guides with texts. Methnen London.
  3. Lichtheim, G. (1974). Europe in the Twentieth Century. Praeger, New York.
  4. Text of the Treaty
  5. Richard C. Frucht, Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture pp. 359-360 online
  6. Balázs, Ablonczy (2020). ""It Is an Unpatriotic Act to Flee": The Refugee Experience after the Treaty of Trianon. Between State Practices and Neglect" (PDF). The Hungarian historical review : new series of Acta Historica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Retrieved 8 June 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]