Treaty of Trianon

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Drafted borders of Austria-Hungary in the treaties of Trianon and Saint Germain

The Treaty of Trianon is the peace treaty signed in 1920 between the Allies and Hungary.[1][2][3][4]

Hungary lost World War I and so the treaty gave about two thirds of its land and one third of its population to neighboring countries,[5] like Romania, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. The partition of Hungary brought irredentism, since many people in the lost lands were Hungarian and wanted to continue being part of Hungary.

As a result, about 400 000 people from the lost territories sought refuge in Hungary.[6]

Also, the treaty forced Hungary to pay reparations and to limit the size of its army.

References[change | change source]

  1. Craig, G.A. (1966). Europe since 1914. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
  2. Grenville, J.A.S. (1974). The Major International Treaties 1914-1973. A history and guides with texts. Methnen London.
  3. Lichtheim, G. (1974). Europe in the Twentieth Century. Praeger, New York.
  4. Text of the Treaty
  5. Richard C. Frucht, Eastern Europe: An Introduction to the People, Lands, and Culture pp. 359-360 online
  6. Balázs, Ablonczy (2020). ""It Is an Unpatriotic Act to Flee": The Refugee Experience after the Treaty of Trianon. Between State Practices and Neglect" (PDF). The Hungarian historical review : new series of Acta Historica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Retrieved 8 June 2022.

Other websites[change | change source]