Type 91 105 mm howitzer

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Type 91 105 mm howitzer
1931 Type 91 105mm howitzer.JPG
Type 91 105 mm howitzer
Typelight howitzer
Place of origin Empire of Japan
Service history
In service1931-1949?
Used byWar flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svgImperial Japanese Army
 Republic of China (NRA)
 People's Republic of China (PLA)
WarsSecond Sino-Japanese War
Soviet-Japanese Border Wars
World War II
Chinese Civil War
Production history
Designed1927-1931
ManufacturerOsaka Arsenal
Produced1931-?
No. built1,100
Specifications
Mass1,500 kilograms (3,300 lb)
Barrel length2.54 metres (8 ft 4 in) L/24

Shell15.7 kilograms (35 lb)
Caliber100 millimetres (3.9 in)
Recoilhydropneumatic
Carriagesplit trail
Elevation-5° to +45°
Traverse40°
Rate of fire6-8 rpm
Muzzle velocity546 m/s (1,791 ft/s)
Maximum firing range10,771 metres (11,779 yd)
Feed systempanoramic

The Type 91 105 mm howitzer (九一式十糎榴弾砲, Kyūisshiki Jissenchi Ryudanho), also known as a "10-cm" gun,[1] was a howitzer used by the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA).[2]

History and development[change | change source]

Type 91s began to be made in 1931.[3]

Combat record[change | change source]

Type 91 howitzers were used in the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Rottman, Gordon L. (2005). Japanese Army in World War II: Conquest of the Pacific 1941-42, p. 50; excerpt, "Japanese '10cm' weapons were actually 105mm weapons."
  2. This field gun type was named "ninety-one" because it was first built in 1931; and 1931 was the 2591st year since Emperor Jimmu, the first Emperor of Japan. The Japanese Imperial year was Kōki 2591 (皇紀2591年).
  3. 3.0 3.1 US War Dept. (1944). "Model 91 (1931) 105-mm howitzer," Handbook on Japanese Military Forces, p. 225.

Other websites[change | change source]