U Nu

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Prime Minister of Burma
In office
4 January 1948 – 12 June 1956
PresidentSao Shwe Thaik
Ba U
Succeeded byBa Swe
In office
28 February 1957 – 28 October 1958
PresidentBa U
Preceded byBa Swe
Succeeded byNe Win
In office
4 April 1960 – 2 March 1962
PresidentWin Maung
Preceded byNe Win
Succeeded byNe Win
Personal details
Born(1907-05-25)25 May 1907
Wakema, Myaungmya District, British Burma
Died14 February 1995(1995-02-14) (aged 87)
Bahan Township, Yangon, Myanmar
Political partyAnti-Fascist People's Freedom League
Alma materUniversity of Rangoon

U Nu (Burmese: ဦးနု; pronounced: [ʔú nṵ]; 25 May 1907 – 14 February 1995) was the first Prime Minister of Burma. He served from 4 January 1948 to 12 June 1956, again from 28 February 1957 to 28 October 1958, and finally from 4 April 1960 to 2 March 1962.

Burma gained independence from Britain on 4 January 1948. Nu became the first prime minister of the new country. He quit being prime minister in 1956. He again served as prime minister between Ba Swe and Ne Win.

Nu was one of the leaders of the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League (AFPFL) from 1942 to 1963. The AFPFL had two groups of power. Nu's group won the 1960 election. He then became prime minister. On 2 March 1962 General Ne Win took control of the government. Nu was then kept in an army camp. Nu continued to claim he was the legal prime minister. In 1988 he tried to form his own government with Win Maung as president.

Nu wrote an autobiography called Ta-Tei Sanei Tha (Naughty Saturday-born). It was published in India by Irrawaddy Publishing (U Maw Thiri) in 1975. He wrote several other books including The People Win Through (1951), Burma under the Japanese (1954), An Asian Speaks (1955), and Burma Looks Ahead (1951).

Religion[change | change source]

U Nu was a popular spiritual leader of his country. During the 1960 election he promised to make Buddhism the official state religion. On 29 August 1961, Parliament passed a law making Buddhism the state religion.[1] Ne Win removed the law in 1962.

References[change | change source]

  1. Sahliyeh, Emile F. (1990). Religious resurgence and politics in the contemporary world. SUNY Press. pp. 39–40. ISBN 978-0-7914-0382-2.