V-1 flying bomb

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V-1 flying bomb
Fieseler Fi 103
Flakzielgerät 76 (FZG-76)
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1975-117-26, Marschflugkörper V1 vor Start.jpg
TypeGuided missile
Place of originNazi Germany
Service history
In service1944–1945
Used byLuftwaffe
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerRobert Lusser
ManufacturerFieseler
Unit cost5,090 RM[1]
Specifications
Mass2,150 kg (4,740 lb)
Length8.32 m (27.3 ft)
Width5.37 m (17.6 ft)
Height1.42 m (4 ft 8 in)

WarheadAmatol-39
Warhead weight850 kg (1,870 lb)

EngineArgus As 109-014 Pulse jet engine
Operational
range
250 km (160 mi)[2]
Speed640 km/h (400 mph) flying between 600 to 900 m (2,000 to 3,000 ft)
Guidance
system
Gyrocompass based autopilot

The V-1 flying bomb (also called the Buzz Bomb or Doodlebug) was a World War II weapon. It was a flying bomb that used a jet engine to make it travel at 350 mph (600 kmph). The Luftwaffe people who controlled it pointed it at London, UK and Antwerp in Belgium. V-1s destroyed nearly as many houses as the Blitz did but killed fewer: 22,892 people died after being attacked by them. The Allies tried to stop these attacks by bombing their launching places, by shooting at them in the air, and by flying fast planes close to them and nudging them off course using their wings.

They had a fairly crude guidance system. Overall, only about 25 per cent of V-1s hit their targets. Most were lost lost by defensive measures, mechanical unreliability or guidance errors.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Zaloga 2005, p. 11.
  2. Werrell 1985, p. 53.