Warraich

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The Warraich or Waraich are a Jaat clan, mostly found in Punjab (Pakistan). They are mostly Muslims. The Jaats are most powerfull cast among all other casts and richest out 150 casts.They are generally characterised vast land-holders or Zemindars and Warriors

In the jaats there are so many sub-casts (according to an English writter 'Densil Abestine', there are more than 150 casts in the jaats in subcontinent) and arguably the Warraichs are superior to all the sub-casts of jaats. They carry a general courtesy, arrogant looks and a debate personality. Usually they are trustworthy, respected, well behaved and traditional people. They are also land lords which is the most sparkling part in their personality. They are strongest as a community in most parts of the Punjab. Warraich,living in Sargodha, are included in Pakistan's richest people and also they are the strongest political entities of their area.Warraich's of Sargodha have strong connections with royal family of Sweden and Ireland due to the fact that some of them previously served to them at higher posts before the independence of the sub-continent.

Population distribution

The Waraich population was 38,070 in Amritsar district during the 1911 British Punjab Census.[ In the Patiala district it was 19,950.

Geographic distribution

Western Punjab

The Waraich are mostly found in western Punjab, Pakistan, in the districts of Gujrat and Gujranwala. They are also significant populations in the southern districts of Punjab like Multan,Duniapur and Sargodha. The Waraich in Sargodha are mostly landlords and they come here from Gujrat and Gujranwala.

Eastern Punjab

In eastern Punjab in India the clan is found in large numbers in the Majha and Malwa regions. Historically they are known as land owners and served in the Indian and Pakistani armies. In Indian Punjab the clan occupies about 315 villages. After 1947 a large number of Waraich moved into Haryana.

Mythical history

According to Sir Lepal Griffin, the tribe migrated to Punjab during the reign of Mohammad of Ghazni and settled in Gujrat, in present day Pakistan.[3].

According to legend, a Jat named Waraich had five sons who moved from Chenab to the two cities Gujrat and Gujranwala. Around the tenth century A.D., their descendants moved down to the Jhelum River in large numbers. Until the thirteenth-century AD they continued to fight with Gujjar tribes. Today the Waraich occupy a very compact area comprising 360 villages in a region called Jatat. During the period of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a certain Haria leader of these Waraich Jats converted to Islam and founded a village later named Hariawala after him.

During Sher Shah Suri's conquest of Bengal he defeated the brothers, who left the area and traveled westwards. They settled on the banks of the Chenab river. This new home was on the lands previously used by Gujjars for grazing cattle. This settlement led to rivalry between the Waraich Jats and the incumbent Gujjars. Traces of clan presence is alleged to be evident from the name "Gujrat" - though this name is evidence from the medieval period and was named after the very same region now the state of Gujarat in India.

The Waraich clan gradually spread out to places beyond Gujrat , Gujranwala , Sargodha and Faisalabad (Samundari 442GB & 443GB).

Other traditions have these variously labelled Jats or Rajputs or both ruling over Shergarh and Nagaur and other cites until 275 AD.

Religion

Members of the Waraich in western Punjab are Muslim.

In eastern Punjab and Haryana, the clan is Sikh.

* Captain Manbir S Waraich was the world's youngest Supertanker Captain on a VLCC (Very Large Crude Carrier) at the age of 29 years, when he achieved his first command on Supertankers. He belongs to the Waraich clan of Jat Sikhs.

* Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain was the 20th Prime Minister of Pakistan who belong's to the Waraich clan of Jats.

* Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi was the Chief Minister of Pakistan's most populous province, Punjab, from 2002 to 2007. He belong's to the Waraich clan of Jats.

* Aitzaz Ahsan was a President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan, he is also a writer, human rights activist, politician, former Federal Minister for Law and Justice, Interior, Narcotics Control (1988-1990) and Education, belong's to Waraich clan of Jat.

* Tariq Aziz - The former secretary of the National Security Council, belong's to Waraich clan of Jat.

References

1. ^ a b 1911 census of British Punjab - Major General Barstow.

2. ^ a b Professor B. S. Dhillon (1994). History and study of the Jats. Beta Publishers. ISBN 1895603021.

3. ^ Sir Lepal Griffin. "Chiefs of Punjab". p. 409

* Ram Swarup Joon - History of the Jatt

* History of the Jatt Clans - H.S Duleh

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