Yaeyama Islands

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Yaeyama Islands
Yaeyama map.png
Map of the Yaeyama Islands
Location Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Sakishima Islands
Adjacent bodies of water East China Sea
Total islands 32 (min. 0.01 km²)
Major islands Ishigaki Island, Iriomote Island, Yonaguni Island
Area 591.46 km2 (228.36 sq mi)
Highest elevation 525.5 m (1,724 ft)
Highest point Mount Omoto
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
District Yaeyama District
Population 53.627 (March 31, 2011[1])
Pop. density 91/km2 (240/sq mi)
Location of the Yaeyama Islands in Okinawa Prefecture

The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō, also 八重山列島 Yaeyama-rettō, Yaeyama: Yaima Okinawan: Eema) are an archipelago or group of islands in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. They cover 591.46 square kilometres (228.36 sq mi).[1] The islands are southwest of the Miyako Islands. They are part of the Ryukyu Islands archipelago.[2] The Yaeyama Islands are the remotest part of Japan from the main islands. They contain Japan's most southern (Hateruma) and most western (Yonaguni) inhabited islands. The city of Ishigaki serves as the political, cultural, and economic head of the Yaeyama Islands.

The Yaeyama Islands have numerous species of subtropical plants and mangrove forests. The islands produce sugarcane and pineapples. Coral reefs around the islands are ideal habitats for dolphins, sea turtles, and larger fish such as Manta rays and Whale sharks. Before being wiped out by humans, whales and Dugongs were common. Yaeyama once had the largest population of Dugongs in the Ryukyu Islands. On Aragusuku Island, there is a Utaki which has laid to rest Dugongs with their skulls. Non-residents are not allowed to enter unless they get an okay from the locals. It is said that any aliens without permission will be driven out by force.

Geography[change | change source]

Yaeyama islands in Okinawa, Japan

The islands form the southern part of the volcanic Ryukyu Islands. The administrative division of Yaeyama District covers all of the Yaeyama Islands, except Ishigaki and the disputed Senkaku Islands.

Inhabited islands[1][change | change source]

Culture[change | change source]

The Yonaguni language is the indigenous language of the island of Yonaguni. The undersea Yonaguni monument is on the island of Yonaguni. The Yaeyama language is the indigenous language of the rest of the islands. Japanese is widely spoken as a second language. The Yaeyama Islands are home to the production of traditional Okinawan textiles.

Mushaama Festival[change | change source]

14 July: Mushaama Festival. On Hateruma Island, this harvest festival is celebrated during Obon. It features a parade of the local fertility god Miruku and his children (the local children), shishi ("lion") dances, and staff dances.

Photo Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Island related materials (January 2014)" 第1 指定離島・島しょ・人口 (PDF). 離島関係資料(平成24年1月) (in Japanese). 沖縄県企画部地域・離島課. January 2014. pp. 2, 8. Retrieved 7 January 2014.  External link in |work= (help)
  2. Archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy in the Ryukyu Islands: a preliminary report

Other websites[change | change source]

Coordinates: 24°21′47″N 123°44′47″E / 24.36306°N 123.74639°E / 24.36306; 123.74639