|Adjacent bodies of water||East China Sea|
|Total islands||32 (min. 0.01 km²)|
|Major islands||Ishigaki Island, Iriomote Island, Yonaguni Island|
|Area||591.46 km2 (228.36 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||525.5 m (1724.1 ft)|
|Highest point||Mount Omoto|
|Population||53.627 (March 31, 2011)|
|Pop. density||91/km2 (236/sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Yaeyama people and the Yonaguni people|
The Yaeyama Islands (八重山諸島 Yaeyama-shotō, also 八重山列島 Yaeyama-rettō, Yaeyama: Yaima Okinawan: Eema) are an archipelago or group of islands in the southwest of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. They cover 591.46 square kilometres (228.36 sq mi). The islands are southwest of the Miyako Islands. They are part of the Ryukyu Islands archipelago. The Yaeyama Islands are the remotest part of Japan from the main islands. They contain Japan's most southern (Hateruma) and most western (Yonaguni) inhabited islands. The city of Ishigaki serves as the political, cultural, and economic head of the Yaeyama Islands.
The Yaeyama Islands have numerous species of subtropical plants and mangrove forests. The islands produce sugarcane and pineapples. Coral reefs around the islands are ideal habitats for dolphins, sea turtles, and larger fish such as Manta rays and Whale sharks. Before being wiped out by humans, whales and Dugongs were common. Yaeyama once had the largest population of Dugongs in the Ryukyu Islands. On Aragusuku Island, there is a Utaki which has laid to rest Dugongs with their skulls. Non-residents are not allowed to enter unless they get an okay from the locals. It is said that any aliens without permission will be driven out by force.
Geography[change | change source]
The islands form the southern part of the volcanic Ryukyu Islands. The administrative division of Yaeyama District covers all of the Yaeyama Islands, except Ishigaki and the disputed Senkaku Islands.
Inhabited islands[change | change source]
- Yaeyama Islands (Yaeyama Subprefecture)
- Ishigaki City
- Ishigaki Island (Ishigaki-jima)
- Taketomi Town
- Aragusuku Island (Aragusuku-jima)
- Hateruma Island (Hateruma-jima)
- Iriomote Island (Iriomote-jima)
- Kayama Island (Kayama-jima)
- Kohama Island (Kohama-jima)
- Kuroshima Island (Kuroshima)
- Sotobanari Island (Sotobanari-jima) (officially uninhabited)
- Taketomi Island (Taketomi-jima)
- Yubu Island (Yubu-jima)
- Hatoma Island (Hatoma-jima)
- Yonaguni Town
- Yonaguni Island (Yonaguni-jima)
- Ishigaki City
Culture[change | change source]
People[change | change source]
The native people of the Yaeyama Islands are the Yaeyama and Yonaguni peoples, both of whom are subgroups of a larger Ryukyuan ethnicity.
Languages[change | change source]
The Yaeyama language is the native language of the entire Yaeyama island chain, with the exception of Yonaguni, which is home to the Yonaguni language instead.
Because Japan suppressed both the Yaeyama and Yonaguni languages in the past, they are endangered, meaning there aren’t a lot of speakers left. The younger generation mainly speaks Japanese instead.
Mushaama Festival[change | change source]
14 July: Mushaama Festival. On Hateruma Island, this harvest festival is celebrated during Obon. It features a parade of the local fertility god Miruku and his children (the local children), shishi ("lion") dances, and staff dances.
Other[change | change source]
The undersea Yonaguni monument is on the island of Yonaguni. The Yaeyama Islands are home to the production of traditional Yaeyaman textiles.
Photo Gallery[change | change source]
- Category:Yaeyama islands on Wikimedia Commons
References[change | change source]
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Island related materials (January 2014)" 第1 指定離島・島しょ・人口 (PDF) (in Japanese). 沖縄県企画部地域・離島課. January 2014. pp. 2, 8. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- ↑ Archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy in the Ryukyu Islands: a preliminary report
Other websites[change | change source]
- Photo gallery of Yaeyama Islands Archived 2019-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
Coordinates: 24°21′47″N 123°44′47″E / 24.36306°N 123.74639°E