Yellow perch

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Yellow perch
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
Genus: Perca
P. flavescens
Binomial name
Perca flavescens
(Mitchill, 1814)
Native range of yellow perch
  • Morone flavescens Mitchill, 1814
  • Perca fluviatilis flavescens (Mitchill, 1814)
  • Perca americana Schrank, 1792
  • Perca notata Rafinesque, 1818
  • Perca acuta Cuvier, 1828

The yellow perch (Perca flavescens), commonly referred to as perch, striped perch, American perch, American river perch, or preacher, is a species of fish native to much of North America. The yellow perch are typically a yellow golden color with these olive-green stripes on the side of their bodies.

It is closely related, and morphologically similar to the European perch, but this fish is not the type species. The yellow perch or Perca flavescens was caught in May 1865 in Bordentown, New Jersey by Dr. C. Abbot. It is the longest-standing record for a freshwater fish in North America. The life history of yellow perch shows that the females generally reach their maximum size faster, mature later on, and live longer than males.

References[change | change source]

  1. NatureServe (2013). "Perca flavescens". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T202567A18235054. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T202567A18235054.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  2. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). "Perca flavescens" in FishBase. December 2019 version.
  1. Purchase, C. F., Collins, N. C., Morgan, G. E., & Shuter, B. J. (2005). Predicting Life History Traits of Yellow Perch from Environmental Characteristics of Lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 134(5), 1369–1381.