|Yellow perch (Perca flavescens)|
They have the widest range of sizes of any order of vertebrates, ranging from the 7 mm Schindleria brevipinguis to the 5 metre Makaira species. They first appeared and diversified in the Upper Cretaceous.
Some well-known members of this group are angelfish, barracuda, bass, blenny, cichlids, damselfish, filefish, goby, grouper, remora, swordfish, mackerel, pufferfish, tilefish, tuna, whiting, and of course perch.
Characteristics[change | change source]
Taxonomy[change | change source]
Recent morphological and DNA sequence analysis has shown that several of the higher-level groupings of teleosts are evolutionary grades rather than clades. Examples of demonstrably paraphyletic groups include the Perciformes.
References[change | change source]
- also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri
- Long, John A. 1995. The rise of fishes: 500 million years of evolution. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
- R. Froese and D. Pauly (editors) (2006). "FishBase".
- Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. Wiley. ISBN 0471250317.
- "Actinopterygii". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 April 2006.
- G.D. Johnson and E.O. Wiley 2006. Tree of life: Percomorpha