Yinghuo-1

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Yinghuo-1
Mission type Mars orbiter
Operator CNSA
Mission duration 1 year in Mars orbit (planned)
Never departed Earth orbit
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass 115 kilograms (254 lb)[1]
Dimensions 750mm x 750mm x 650mm (stowed)[1]
Power Solar array
Start of mission
Launch date 8 November 2011, 20:16:03 (2011-11-08UTC20:16:03Z) UTC[2][3][4]
Rocket Zenit-2M
Launch site Baikonur 45/1
Deployed from Fobos-Grunt (planned)
End of mission
Decay date 15 January 2012 (2012-01-16)
Orbital parameters
Reference system Areocentric (planned)
Geocentric (achieved)
Regime Low Earth (achieved)
Perigee 800 kilometres (500 mi) (planned)
Apogee 80,000 kilometres (50,000 mi) (planned)
Inclination 5 degrees (planned)
Period 3 days (planned)

Yinghuo-1 was a Chinese spacecraft.[5] People planned for it to be China's first interplanetary mission.[5] Yinghuo-1 was supposed to orbit and study the planet Mars.[5] It was launched with the Russian spacecraft Phobos-Grunt.[5] The spacecraft got into space, but something went wrong and it couldn't escape earth's gravity.

The name Yinghuo means firefly in Chinese.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lakdawalla, Emily (9 September 2010). "China's Yinghuo-1 Mars Orbiter". The Planetary Society. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  2. "Russia takes aim at Phobos". Nature.com. 4 November 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  3. Запуск станции "Фобос-Грунт" к спутнику Марса отложен до 2011 года (in Russian). РИА Новости. 21 September 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2009. 
  4. "Solar System Exploration". Retrieved 12 December 2009. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Yinghuo-1: Read More". NASA. Retrieved 2011-08-31.