Artist's concept of Dawn with Vesta (left) & Ceres (right) (the proximity of Vesta to Ceres is not to scale.)
|Mission type:||Flyby / Orbiter|
|Flyby of:||Mars (February 4, 2009)|
|Orbital insertion date:||Vesta: July 2011
Ceres: March 2015
|Launch date:||September 27, 2007
( 9 years, 268 days ago)
|Launch vehicle:||Delta 7925-H|
|Launch site:||Cape Canaveral Air Force Station|
|Mission duration:||Until July 2015|
Dawn is an unmanned NASA space probe. It has orbited and studied the asteroid Vesta, and it is currently orbiting the dwarf planet Ceres. Both Vesta and Ceres are in the asteroid belt. Dawn is the first spacecraft to visit Ceres and the first to visit Vesta. It also is the first spacecraft to orbit two extraterrestrial bodies.
Dawn was launched on September 27, 2007 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station aboard a Delta 7925-H rocket. It then travelled to Mars for a gravity assist, making its closest approach to Mars in February 2009.
References[change | change source]
- "Dawn at Ceres". NASA. http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/press_kits/dawnatCeres2015.pdf. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
- Schilling, Govert (July 2011), "Solar System sleuth", BBC Sky at Night Magazine (74): 38-43
- "Dawn Launch". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/dawn/launch/index.html. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- "Week in Photos: Dawn Lifts Off, Pike Poisoned, More". National Geographic. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/09/photogalleries/wip-week48/. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- "NASA Spacecraft Becomes First to Orbit a Dwarf Planet". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/press/2015/march/nasa-spacecraft-becomes-first-to-orbit-a-dwarf-planet/#.VPschvmsVOg. Retrieved 2015-03-07.
Other websites[change | change source]
- "Dawn Mission Overview". NASA. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/dawn/mission/index.html. Retrieved 2011-08-16.
- "Video: NASA Asteroid Probe Launched" (Video). National Geographic. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/09/070927-dawn-video.html. Retrieved 2011-08-16.