Ynyshir

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Ynyshir
  • Welsh: Ynys-hir (English pronunciation 'Un-is-heer')
St Anne's Church, Ynyshir - geograph.org.uk - 3584917.jpg
Population3,320 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST025925
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPORTH
Postcode districtCF39
Dialling code01443
PoliceSouth Wales
FireSouth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Rhondda Cynon Taf

Ynyshir is a village in Rhondda, Wales which neighbours Porth. Its name means "Long Meadow" or "Long Island".[2]

History[change | change source]

Before the 18th century only a few farms were found in Ynyshir. In 1845 the first deep coal mine was made in the village, it was the first coal mine to be opened in the Rhondda Fach valley.[3] Ynyshir was part of the British coal empire.

Ynyshir village began along the west side of the Rhondda Fach river on the land owned by Ynyshir farm, later followed by the building of houses east of the river on land owned by Maendy and Penrhiw farms. By 1900 much of the village which you can see today was in place.

In 1841 the Taff Vale Railway reached the next village, Dinas and with the train this meant the owners of the coal mines could send their coal across South Wales.

Important Buildings[change | change source]

Ynyshir was home to several chapels/churches, namely Ainon Chapel (Welsh Baptist), Bethany Chapel (English Baptist), Moriah Chapel (Calvinistic Methodist), St Anne's (Church in Wales), Saron Chapel (Welsh Independent), Ynyshir Welsh Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Bethel Chapel (Welsh Baptist), Penuel Chapel (English Independent), Tabernacle Chapel (Congregational Methodist) and Ynyshir English Wesleyan Methodist Chapel.

Education[change | change source]

In 1882, the first boys school was made. Then, a girls and infants school was made in 1903.[3] In 2009 the new modern £5.5 million Ynyshir Community Primary School located on Llanwonno Road was opened; this was to replace the previous Ynyshir Junior School and later in 2010 also replaced the old Ynyshir Infants School off Gynor Place. The first head teacher of the school was Miss Morgan and the present head teacher is Miss Phillips.

Transport[change | change source]

Ynyshir has bus links. The nearest city is Cardiff. Ynyshir has no train stations. The closest train station is Porth. Ynyshir's main A road is the A4223 that was built in 2005.[4]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. "Community population 2011". Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  2. Morgan, Thomas (1887). The Place Names of Wales. p. 211.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Ynyshir". Rhondda Cynon Taf Library Services. Retrieved 15th February 2017. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "£90m bypass hailed by Carwyn as on budget cost twice the estimate". WALESONLINE. 8 September 2010. Retrieved 15 February 2017.