Yun Poson

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Yun Poson
Official portrait, 1960
2nd President of South Korea
In office
August 13, 1960 – March 24, 1962
Prime MinisterHo Chong
Chang Myon
Song Yo-chan
Preceded byRhee Syngman
Succeeded byPark Chung-hee
2nd Mayor of Seoul
In office
December 15, 1948 – June 5, 1949
Preceded byKim Hyong-min
Succeeded byLee Ki-poong
Personal details
Born(1897-08-26)August 26, 1897
Sinhang-ri, Dunpo-myeon, Asan County, South Chungcheong, Joseon
(present day South Korea)
DiedJuly 18, 1990(1990-07-18) (aged 92)
Anguk-dong, Jongno District, Seoul, South Korea
Resting placeYun Family Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic (1955)
New Democratic (1967)
(Liberalism in South Korea)
Spouse(s)Lady Min (1910s–1937), Gong Deok-gwi (1948–1990)
RelationsUncle: Yun Chi-sung
Alma materUniversity of Edinburgh (BA, MA)
Korean name
Revised RomanizationYun Boseon
McCune–ReischauerYun Posŏn
Pen name
Revised RomanizationHaewi
Courtesy name
Revised RomanizationGyeongcheon

Yun Bo-seon (Korea:윤보선, August 26, 1897 – July 18, 1990) was the President of South Korea from 1960 to 1962.

He was born in Asan, South Chungcheong province, Yun graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1930. He entered politics after Japanese occupation ended in 1945, with Syngman Rhee being his mentor. In 1948, Yun was made mayor of Seoul by Rhee. A year later, he was made the Minister of Commerce and Industry. Soon, he started to disagree with Rhee's authoritarian policies. He then served as president of the Red Cross Society, before being elected to the National Assembly in 1954. A year later, he founded the opposition Democratic Party along with several others.

After Rhee's government was ousted by a student-led pro-democracy uprising, Yun was elected president on August 13, 1960. He was merely a figurehead, as South Korea had switched to a parliamentary system in response to the authoritarian excesses of Rhee's regime. After Park Chung Hee's coup in 1961, he stayed on briefly to provide legitimacy to the regime, but resigned on March 22, 1962. He opposed Park's authoritarian rule and ran for president twice in 1963 and 1967, losing each time. After receiving suspended sentences several times for anti-government activities, Yun retired from politics in 1980 and focused primarily on cultural activities until his death from diabetes and high blood pressure. He died in 1990.

Book[change | change source]

  • 《Autobiography, Road of thorns the national salvation (구국의 가시밭길)》(1967)
  • 《Select the days of lonely(외로운 선택의 나날들)》(1991)

Prize[change | change source]

  • Sharon Big-Merit(무궁화 대훈장)
  • In-Cheon Cultural Award[1]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. ti Prize was the Kim Seong Soo's Memorim

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by
Heo Jeong
President of South Korea
Succeeded by
Park Chung Hee
Preceded by
Kim Hyung-min
Mayor of Seoul
1948 - 1949
Succeeded by
Li Ki-bung