Joseon

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Joseon
朝鮮 (조선)[1]
1392–1897
Flag of Joseon
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg
Top: Royal standard
(c. 1856–1871)
Bottom: Royal standard
(1882–1897)
Royal coat of arms Emblem of the kingdom (late 19th century) of Joseon
Royal coat of arms
Emblem of the Kingdom of Great Joseon
Emblem of the kingdom
(late 19th century)
Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong
Territory of Joseon after Jurchen conquest of King Sejong
CapitalHanseong[a]
Common languagesKorean
Common scriptClassical Chinese, Korean
Religion
Confucianism (state ideology)
Buddhism
Shamanism
Taoism
Christianity (recognized in 1886)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy[2]
King 
• 1392–1398 (first)
Taejo
• 1863–1897 (last)
Gojong
Yeonguijeong, later Prime Minister[b] 
• 1392–1398 (first)
Jeong Do-jeon
• 1896–1898 (last)
Yun Yong Seon
History 
• Coronation of Taejo
5 August 1392
9 October 1446
1592–1598
1627, 1636–1637
26 February 1876
17 April 1895
13 October 1897
Population
• 1400[3]
5,730,000
• 1500[4]
9,000,000
• 1600[4]
11,000,000
• 1700[4]
13,500,000
• 1900[3]
17,082,000
CurrencyMun (1423–1425, 1625–1892)
Yang (1892–1897)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Goryeo
Korean Empire
Today part ofNorth Korea
South Korea
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJoseon
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn
IPA[tɕo.sʌn]
North Korea name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJoseon Bonggeon Wangjo
McCune–ReischauerChosŏn Bonggŏnwangjo
Official name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationDaejoseonguk
McCune–ReischauerTaechosŏnguk
IPA[tɛ.tɕo.sʌn.ɡuk̚]

Joseon (Hangul: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun, Cho-sen), was a Korean state started by Taejo Yi Seong-gye. It began after the end of the Goryeo Dynasty at what is today the city of Kaesong. It ended with the assassination of Empress Myeongseong. Joseon was the last dynasty of Korean history and the longest Confucian dynasty.

Today, some Koreans use the word "Joseon" to mean something bad because they think of the Joseon Dynasty as something that failed. Young Koreans use the expression "Hell Joseon" to talk about how hard it is to find a good job in South Korea today.[7]

History[change | change source]

Major events[change | change source]

The creation of Hangul[8][change | change source]

Hangul is the language of Korea that is still used today.

Hangul was created by King Sejong the Great in 1443 and officially put into effect nationwide in 1446. It was created based on the shape of the human vocal apparatus when pronouncing it.[9] The creation of Hangul had many good influences, including the creation of culture.

Japanese Invasion (Imjin War)[change | change source]

The Japanese Invasion was a war between Joseon and Japan from 1592 to 1598 (7 years). Toyotomi Hideyoshi of Japan invaded Joseon after unifying his country. Then king, Seonjo, fled to the north. But as the Joseon's army, including Yi Sun-sin, fought hard, Japan retreated for a while. Japan invaded again in 1597,[10] and the war ended when Toyotomi Hideyoshi died.

During the war, many cultural assets of Joseon were destroyed and taken away.[11]

Qing invasion[change | change source]

The Qing invasion was a war fought between the Joseon Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty from 1636 to 1637. Joseon fought to protect the country, but Joseon was eventually defeated by the Qing Dynasty.  Injo surrendered to the Qing Dynasty.

At this time, many Qing soldiers kidnapped Joseon women to make concubine or sell them.[12] Including this, a lot of social damage had occurred to Joseon because of this invasion.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Now Seoul, South Korea.
  2. Style: Yeonguijeong (1401-1894); Naegak chongri daesin (1894-96); Ui jeong (1896-1905)

References[change | change source]

  1. Li, Jun-gyu (이준규) (2009-07-22). (세상사는 이야기) 왜색에 물든 우리말-(10) (in Korean). Newstown. 1392년부터 1910년까지 한반도전역을 통치하였던 조선(朝鮮)은 일반적으로 조선왕조(朝鮮王朝)라 칭하였으며, 어보(御寶), 국서(國書)등에도 대조선국(大朝鮮國)이라는 명칭을 사용하였었다. (translation) Joseon which had ruled from 1392 to 1910 was commonly referred to as the "Joseon dynasty" while "Great Joseon State" was used in the royal seal, national documents, and others.[permanent dead link]
  2. Choi, Sang-hun (27 October 2017). Interior Space and Furniture of Joseon Upper-class Houses. Ewha Womans University Press. p. 16. ISBN 9788973007202 – via Google Books. Joseon was an absolute monarchy
  3. 3.0 3.1 권태환 신용하 (1977). 조선왕조시대 인구추정에 관한 일시론.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 이헌창 (1999). 한국경제통사 52쪽.
  5. "조선력사 시대구분표". Naenara (in Korean). Archived from the original on 2019-07-01. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  6. "Korean History in Chronological Order". Naenara. Archived from the original on 2019-07-01. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  7. Mike Williams. "A hope in hell: Why do young people in South Korea refer to their country as hell? The answer depends on who you ask". ABC. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  8. It is sometimes written as 'Hangul' based on English, but it is also correct to write 'Hangeul' according to the Romanization system.[1]
  9. Service (KOCIS), Korean Culture and Information. "Joseon Dynasty : Korea.net : The official website of the Republic of Korea". www.korea.net. Retrieved 2022-10-12.
  10. This war is called 'Jeong Yoo Jae-ran(Korean : 정유재란).
  11. "Korea Information - History". Korean Cultural Center New York. Retrieved 2022-10-12.
  12. "The tragic fate of Joseon women". koreajoongangdaily.joins.com. 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2022-10-12.