Anatole France

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by T.A.Steinlein
This person was awarded a Nobel Prize

Anatole France, born François-Anatole Thibault (16 April 1844, Paris - 12 October 1924, Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire), was a French poet, critic, and novelist. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1921. He was a member of the Académie française.

Early life[change | edit source]

Anatole France was a son of a bookseller. He studied at the Collége Stanislas. He got married in 1877 but he get divorced in 1892. He was librarian for the French Senate in 1876 - 1890.

Literary career[change | edit source]

Anatole France start his career as a parnassianism poet. Later he became an impressionist and he was an atheist. From 1867 he was a journalist. In 1881 he became famous with the novel Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard, membre de l'Institut. It's about an old scholar Sylvester Bonnard, Bonnard wants to make good, but he commits a crime. This novel won France a prize from the French Academy. In 1893 he captured the atmosphere of the fin de siecle in Les Opinions de Jerome Coignard.

France took a part in the Dreyfus Affair. He signed Émile Zola's manifesto supporting Dreyfus. Alfred Dreyfus was a French artillery officer and he was charged with high treason. In 1901 France wrote Monsieur Bergeret about this affair. He stood out against colonialism.

In 1921 he was awarded the Nobel Prize. He died in 1924 and he is buried near Paris in the Neuilly-sur-Seine community cemetery.

Bibliography[change | edit source]

Poetry[change | edit source]

  • Poèmes dorés (1873)
  • Les Noces corinthiennes (1876)

Prose[change | edit source]

  • Jocaste et Le Chat maigre (1879)
  • Le Crime de Sylvestre Bonnard, membre de l’Institut (1881)
  • Les Désirs de Jean Servien (1882)
  • Abeille, conte (1883)
  • Balthasar (1889)
  • Thaïs (1890)
  • L’Étui de nacre (1892)
  • La Rôtisserie de la reine Pédauque (1892)
  • Les Opinions de Jérôme Coignard (1893)
  • Le Lys rouge (1894)
  • Le Jardin d’Épicure (1895)
  • Le Puits de Sainte Claire (1895)
  • L’Histoire contemporaine
    • L’Orme du mail (1897), (L’Histoire contemporaine, I)
    • Le Mannequin d'osier (1897), (L’Histoire contemporaine, II)
    • L’Anneau d'améthyste (1899), (L’Histoire contemporaine, III)
    • Monsieur Bergeret à Paris (1901), (L’Histoire contemporaine, IV)
  • Clio (1900)
  • Le Procurateur de Judée (1902)
  • Histoires comiques (1903)
  • Sur la pierre blanche (1905)
  • L'Affaire Crainquebille (1901)
  • L’Île des Pingouins (1908)
  • Les Contes de Jacques Tournebroche (1908)
  • Les Sept Femmes de Barbe bleue et autres contes merveilleux (1909)
  • Les dieux ont soif (1912)
  • La Révolte des anges (1914)

Memoirs[change | edit source]

  • Le Livre de mon ami (1885)
  • Pierre Nozière (1899)
  • Le Petit Pierre (1918)
  • La Vie en fleur (1922)

Plays[change | edit source]

Historical Biography[change | edit source]

  • Vie de Jeanne d'Arc (1908)

Literary Criticism[change | edit source]

  • Alfred de Vigny, étude (1869)
  • Le Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte (1888)
  • Le Génie Latin (1913)

Social Criticism[change | edit source]

  • Opinions sociales (1902)
  • Le Parti noir (1904)
  • Vers les temps meilleurs (1906)
  • Sur la voie glorieuse (1915)

Other websites[change | edit source]