Doris Lessing

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Doris Lessing

Doris Lessing at lit.cologne 2006
Born 22 October 1919(1919-10-22)
Kermanshah, Persia (Iran)
Died 17 November 2013(2013-11-17) (aged 94)
London, England
Occupation Writer
Nationality  British
Literary movement Feminism, Modernism, Science fiction
This person was awarded a Nobel Prize

Doris Lessing (Doris May Tayler, 22 October 1919[1] [2] – 17 November 2013)[3] was a British writer. In 2007, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. Reporters told Doris that she had won the Nobel prize and they asked her "Are you not surprised?". She said she had already "won every other European literature prize" so winning prizes was normal.

Early life[change | edit source]

Lessing was born in Iran on 22 October 1919. Her parents were both English. They met at the Royal Free Hospital. Her father, Captain Alfred Tayler, was a patient because he had lost his leg in World War I. Her mother, Emily Maude Tayler (maiden name McVeagh), was a nurse.[4][5][6]

Alfred Tayler and his wife moved to Kermanshah, Iran. He started a job there as a clerk for the Imperial Bank of Persia. Doris was born here in 1919.[7][8] Later, the family moved to the British colony of Southern Rhodesia (now called Zimbabwe) in 1925 to farm maize.

Lessing studied at the Dominican Convent High School in Salisbury (now Harare). It was a Roman Catholic convent school for girls.[9] She left school aged 14, and taught herself after that. She left home at 15 and worked as a nursemaid. She started reading about politics and sociology[6] and began writing around this time. In 1937, Lessing moved to Salisbury to work as a telephone operator. She soon married her first husband, Frank Wisdom. They had two children (John and Jean), before the marriage ended in 1943.[6]

After her divorce, Lessing became more involved with members of the Left Book Club. She had joined this communist book club the year before.[1][10] She met her second husband, Gottfried Lessing there. They married soon after she joined the group, and had a child named Peter. This marriage ended in divorce in 1949. Gottfried Lessing later became the East German ambassador to Uganda. He was murdered in the 1979 rebellion against Idi Amin Dada.[6]

She went to London to pursue her writing career and communist ideals. Lessing left two young children with their father in South Africa. Peter, from her second marriage, went with her. She later said that she thought she had no choice at that time. She felt she had done the best she could and that she was not the best person to raise the children. She would have been very frustrated like her mother had been because it was diificult for an intelligent woman to spend all of her time with young children.[11]

Archive[change | edit source]

The largest collection of Lessing's writing is at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, at the University of Texas at Austin. There are 45 boxes of Lessing's materials at the Ransom Center that contain nearly all of her available manuscripts and typescripts up to 1999. Lessing kept none of the originals of her early manuscripts.[12] Other institutions, including the McFarlin Library at the University of Tulsa, hold smaller collections.[13]

Death[change | edit source]

During the late 1990s, Lessing suffered a stroke which stopped her from travelling during her later years and focused her mind on death.[14][15] Lessing died on 17 November 2013 at her home in London, aged 94.[3][16][17][14][18]

Awards[change | edit source]

Works[change | edit source]

Novels
  • The Grass is Singing (1950)
  • Retreat to Innocence (1956)
  • The Golden Notebook (1962)
  • Briefing for a Descent into Hell (1971)
  • The Summer Before the Dark (1973)
  • Memoirs of a Survivor (1974)
  • The Diary of a Good Neighbour (as Jane Somers, 1983)
  • If the Old Could... (as Jane Somers, 1984)
  • The Good Terrorist (1985)
  • The Fifth Child (1988)
  • Love, Again (1996)
  • Mara and Dann (1999)
  • Ben, in the World (2000) – sequel to The Fifth Child
  • The Sweetest Dream (2001)
  • The Story of General Dann and Mara's Daughter, Griot and the Snow Dog (2005) – sequel to Mara and Dann
  • The Cleft (2007)
  • Alfred and Emily (2008)
The Children of Violence series
  • Martha Quest (1952)
  • A Proper Marriage (1954)
  • A Ripple from the Storm (1958)
  • Landlocked (1965)
  • The Four-Gated City (1969)
Canopus in Argos: Archives series
  • Shikasta (1979)
  • The Marriages Between Zones Three, Four and Five (1980)
  • The Sirian Experiments (1980)
  • The Making of the Representative for Planet 8 (1982)
  • The Sentimental Agents in the Volyen Empire (1983)
Opera libretti
  • The Making of the Representative for Planet 8 (opera)|The Making of the Representative for Planet 8 (music by Philip Glass, 1986)
  • The Marriages Between Zones Three, Four and Five (music by Philip Glass, 1997)
Comics
  • Playing the Game (graphic novel illustrated by Charlie Adlard, 1995)
Drama
  • Each His Own Wilderness (three plays, 1959)
  • Play with a Tiger (1962)
Poetry
  • Fourteen Poems (1959)
  • The Wolf People - INPOPA Anthology 2002 (poems by Lessing, Robert Twigger and T.H. Benson, 2002)
Short story collections
  • Five Short Novels (1953)
  • The Habit of Loving (1957)
  • A Man and Two Women (1963)
  • African Stories (1964)
  • Winter in July (1966)
  • The Black Madonna (1966)
  • The Story of a Non-Marrying Man (1972)
  • This Was the Old Chief's Country: Collected African Stories, Vol. 1 (1973)
  • The Sun Between Their Feet: Collected African Stories, Vol. 2 (1973)
  • To Room Nineteen: Collected Stories, Vol. 1 (1978)
  • The Temptation of Jack Orkney: Collected Stories, Vol. 2 (1978)
  • Through the Tunnel (1990)
  • London Observed: Stories and Sketches (1992)
  • The Real Thing: Stories and Sketches (1992)
  • Spies I Have Known (1995)
  • The Pit (1996)
  • The Grandmothers: Four Short Novels (2003)
Cat Tales
  • Particularly Cats (stories and nonfiction, 1967)
  • Particularly Cats and Rufus the Survivor (stories and nonfiction, 1993)
  • The Old Age of El Magnifico (stories and nonfiction, 2000)
  • On Cats (2002) – omnibus edition containing the above three books
Autobiography and memoirs
Other nonfiction
  • In Pursuit of the English (1960)
  • Prisons We Choose to Live Inside (essays, 1987)
  • The Wind Blows Away Our Words (1987)
  • A Small Personal Voice (essays, 1994)
  • Conversations (interviews, edited by Earl G. Ingersoll, 1994)
  • Putting the Questions Differently (interviews, edited by Earl G. Ingersoll, 1996)
  • Time Bites (essays, 2004)
  • On Not Winning the Nobel Prize (Nobel Lecture, 2007, published 2008)

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Biography". A Reader's Guide to The Golden Notebook & Under My Skin. HarperCollins. 1995. http://www.dorislessing.org/biography.html. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
  2. "Guardian Unlimited: Doris Lessing". http://books.guardian.co.uk/authors/author/0,,86700,00.html. Retrieved 2007-10-11.
  3. 3.0 3.1 'Doris Lessing Dies Age 94' The Guardian, 17 November 2013. Retrieved 17 November 2013
  4. Hazelton, Lesley (11 October 2007). "`Golden Notebook' Author Lessing Wins Nobel Prize". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=anexY5Z5sGgw&refer=home. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  5. Klein, Carole. "Doris Lessing". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/k/klein-lessing.html. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Doris Lessing". kirjasto.sci.fi. http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/dlessing.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  7. Hazelton, Lesley (25 July 1982). "Doris Lessing on Feminism, Communism and 'Space Fiction'". The New York Times. http://mural.uv.es/vemivein/feminismcommunism.htm. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  8. "Author Lessing wins Nobel honour". BBC News Online. 11 October 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/7039100.stm. Retrieved 11 October 2007.
  9. Carol Simpson Stern. Doris Lessing Biography. biography.jrank.org. Retrieved on 11 October 2007.
  10. "Brief Chronology". A Home for the Highland Cattle & The Antheap. Broadview Press. 2003. http://books.google.com/books?id=5twsK0hVK2MC&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=doris+lessing+left+book+club+1942#v=onepage&q=doris%20lessing%20left%20book%20club%201942&f=false. Retrieved 29 December 2010.
  11. Lowering the Bar. When bad mothers give us hope. Newsweek article 6 May 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2010.
  12. "Harry Ransom Center Holds Archive of Nobel Laureate Doris Lessing". hrc.utexas.edu. http://www.hrc.utexas.edu/press/releases/2007/lessing.html. Retrieved 17 March 2008.
  13. "Doris Lessing manuscripts". lib.utulsa.edu. http://www.lib.utulsa.edu/speccoll/collections/lessingdoris/index.htm. Retrieved 17 October 2007.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Verongos, Helen T. (November 17, 2013). "Doris Lessing, Novelist Who Won 2007 Nobel, Is Dead at 94". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/18/books/doris-lessing-novelist-who-won-2007-nobel-is-dead-at-94.html. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  15. Guttridge, Peter (November 17, 2013). "Doris Lessing: Nobel Prize-winning author whose work ranged from social and political realism to science fiction". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/obituaries/doris-lessing-nobel-prizewinning-author-whose-work-ranged-from-social-and-political-realism-to-science-fiction-8945459.html. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  16. BBC News: Author Doris Lessing dies aged 94 (accessed 17 November 2013)
  17. Doris Lessing: A Retrospective: Biography (accessed 17 November 2013)
  18. The Telegraph: Doris Lessing, Nobel Prize-winning author dies at 94 (accessed 17 November 2013)
  19. http://www.gencat.net/pic/cat/index.htm