Many related plants also share the name "daisy", so to distinguish this species from other daisies it is sometimes qualified as common daisy, lawn daisy or English daisy.
Names[change | edit source]
- Bellis is the Latin word for "pretty", "beautiful"; this word was used also as the name of the plant, and Pliny the Elder wrote Bellis in pratis nascitur, flore albo... ("The daisy that grows in the meadows, with a white flower...").
- perennis, Latin for "that lasts the whole year", "perennial".
For common names, see the article in Wikispecies on Bellis perennis.
Description[change | edit source]
The flower heads are 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) in diameter. Although the 'flower' may appear to consist of a yellow centre with white petals, this is not the case. Each individual "petal" is itself an individual flower; these flowers are called ray flowers. In the centre (the "disk") there are also many tiny yellow flowers; these are called the disk flowers. The different colours and styles of flower work together in order to attract insects. The flower heads are produced on stems without leaves that are 2–10 cm (0.8–3.9 in) tall.
Where it grows[change | edit source]
Uses as food[change | edit source]
This daisy may be used as a leaf vegetable. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked, noting that the leaves become increasingly astringent with age. Flower buds and petals can be eaten raw in sandwiches, soups and salads. It is also used as a tea and as a vitamin supplement.
Gallery[change | edit source]
Bellis perennis in a meadow.
Related pages[change | edit source]
References[change | edit source]
- "Bellis perennis Linnaeus". Flora of North America. @eFloras.org. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=200023530. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Bellis perennis L. - Lawndaisy". Natural Resources Conservation Service. United States Department of Agriculture. http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEPE2. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Univ. Chicago - B. Thayer, Pliny the Elder: the Natural History, Liber XXVI
- F. Gaffiot. Dictionnaire Latin-Français, Hachette, Paris, 1934, p. 1145.
- "Bellis perennis L.". Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 1 December 2013. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/2700290?tab=chromosomecounts. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Bellis perennis Linnaeus". Flora of China. @eFloras.org. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200023530. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Weeds of the Northeast". Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants. United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. http://plants.usda.gov/java/invasiveOne?pubID=NEAST. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Bellis perennis L.". Missouri Botanical Garden Bellis perennis. http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/your-garden/plant-finder/plant-details/kc/b749/bellis-perennis.aspx. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Bellis perennis L". Plants for a Future database. http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Bellis+perennis. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
Other websites[change | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bellis perennis|
|Wikispecies has information on: Bellis perennis.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Daisies|