Bengali language

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বাংলা Bangla
Bangla Script.svg
The word "Bangla" in Bengali script
Native to Bangladesh, India (mainly in West Bengal); significant communities in United Kingdom, United States, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Australia, Burma, Canada
Native speakers 205 million  (2010)[1]
Language family
  • Eastern
    • East-Central
      • Bengali
        • Bangla
Writing system Bengali alphabet (Brahmic)
Bengali Braille
Official status
Official language in  Bangladesh,
 India (West Bengal, Tripura and Barak Valley) (comprising districts of south Assam- Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi)
Regulated by Bangla Academy (Bangladesh)
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi (West Bengal)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 bn
ISO 639-2 ben
ISO 639-3 ben
Linguasphere 59-AAF-u (including Sylheti etc), 30 varieties: 59-AAF-ua...59-AAF-uk
Bengalispeaking region.png
Bengali-speaking area

Bengali is the most eastern Dravidian Indian language from South Asia, coming from Pali. It is spoken in both Bangladesh and in the Republic of India. Almost all of the people in Bangladesh speak Bengali, but in India it is spoken in the state of West Bengal, Tripura, East part of Jharkhand and Assam as well as the provincial region.

Almost 230 million people speak Bengali, which makes it one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. It ranks fifth in the world.[2][3]

Many famous books and poems are written in Bengali.

Rabindranath Tagore was a famous poet who wrote in Bengali. Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The national anthems of the Republic of India, Sri Lanka and of course Bangladesh were written in this language.[4] At one time it was also a recognized secondary official language in the former West Pakistan (1962-1971).

References[change | change source]

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2010" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2010
  2. "Statistical Summaries". Ethnologue. 2005. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
  3. "Languages spoken by more than 10 million people". Encarta Encyclopedia. 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2007-03-03.
  4. "Statement by Hon'ble Foreign Minister on Second Bangladesh-India Track II dialogue at BRAC Centre on 07 August, 2005". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2008-05-27.