A cheesecake is a dessert made of cream cheese (or sometimes ricotta), milk, eggs, and flour and usually has a graham cracker crumb base. The graham cracker crumb base is sometimes held together by melted butter. The filling is mostly cream cheese with some sugar to sweeten it and sometimes sour cream to make it easier to shape and fill the crust.
Cheesecake has a smooth texture, and comes in a variety of flavours such as strawberry, blueberry, lemon, and so on. It is often topped with fruit or chocolate. Cheesecake is a pie although its name has the word "cake" in it.
The cheesecake is believed to have come from Greece. The earliest writer who wrote about cheesecakes is Aegiums, who wrote a book how to make cheesecakes (πλακουντοπουκόν σύγγραμμα). Historians think that cheesecake was served to the athletes during the first Olympic Games held in 776 B.C. However, cheese making began at about 2,000 B.C., and anthropologists have found cheese molds dating back to that period. Alan Davidson, author of the Oxford Companion to Food, wrote that, "cheesecake was mentioned in Marcus Porcius Cato's De re Rustica around 200 BCE and that Cato described making his cheese libum (cake) with results very similar to modern cheesecake."
Cheesecake may be thought as an American classic, but they have been popular through all ages. Cheesecakes of differing types were popular in ancient Greece.
Sonya Thomas holds the world record for eating the most cheesecakes in a given time. She ate 11 pounds of cheesecake in nine minutes.
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- "The History of Cheesecake and Cream Cheese". about.com. http://inventors.about.com/od/cstartinventions/a/Cheesecake.htm. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Callimachus, ap. Athen, xiv. p. 643, e
- "Food Facts & Trivia: Cheese Cake". foodreference.com. http://www.foodreference.com/html/fcheesecake.html. Retrieved 1 May 2010.