Croatian Liberation Movement

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Croatian Liberation Movement
Hrvatski oslobodilački pokret
President Ljubomir Vlašić
Founder Ante Pavelić
Founded 8 June 1956 as an Ustashe terrorist group; registered as a far right political party In Zagreb, Croatia, on 9 October 1991
Headquarters Zagreb, Croatia
Membership  (2010) 650[1]

The Croatian Liberation Movement (Croatian: Hrvatski oslobodilački pokret) or HOP[2] is a political party in Croatia. HOP was formed by Croatians in exile. Ustaše was movement with nationalistic ideas. It also had fascist tendencies. After the Second World War, there were some fights concerning the leadership of Ustaše. In 1956, Ante Pavelić formed the Croatian Liberation Movement in Buenos Aires. The goal of HOP was to control the original Ustaše organization. Because of its roots, HOP is widely seen as a successor of the Ustaše. In the early 1990s, the state of Yugoslavia disintegrated, and the parts it was made of became independent republics. In 1991, HOP moved to Zagreb; and the organization was registered as a political party.[3] In 1997, HOP came into public limelight for paying a requiem mass for the Ustaše leader Pavelić in the Church of Saint Dominic in Split.[4]

Mission

One of the goals of the Croatian Liberation Movement is to re-establish the state of Croatia with the borders it had during the Second World War. At that time, the state also included Bosnia and Herzegovina.

History

Croatian Liberation Movement was founded by Ante Pavelić in Buenos Aires in 1956.[5] In 1957, after some people tried to kill Pavelić, he and his family moved to Spain.[6] Pavelić died on 28 December 1959, at the German hospital in Madrid. After Pavelić's death, his son-in-law Srečko Pšeničnik took over HOP. In 1960, he moved its operations from Buenos Aires to Toronto, Canada.

Another part of the HOP was established in Australia in 1963. The leaders of this group were Srećko Rover (from 1963 to 1967) and Stjepan Hefer (from 1967 to 1973).[7] Many of this group's members were also members of the Australian Liberal Party. Some of them were said to have gone on military training exercises with the Australian Army Reserve, using the army's base at Wodonga in Victoria.[8][9] Several members of the opposition Labor Party, including Justin O'Byrne, said that the HOP were using their status in the Liberal Party to hide many of these activities.[10] When the Labour Party became the government in 1972, the Attorney-General gave the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) permission to spy on Srećko Rover and a few of the group's other members. This was because they thought they might be recruiting insurgents for an overseas war.[11]

When Yugoslavia was dissolved in the early 1990s, this organization moved to Zagreb, Croatia, where it was officially registered as a political party in 1991.[3]

References

  1. "Croatian Liberation Movement" (in Croatian). Croatian Information-Documentation Referral Agency. http://hidran.hidra.hr/hidrarad/stranke/programi/028368.pdf. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  2. HOP is an Croatian acronym. HOP means "Hrvatski Oslobodilački Pokret."
  3. 3.0 3.1 Croatian Liberation Movement party page
  4. Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina by Mitja Velikonja; Publisher: Texas A&M University Press, Feb 5, 2003 page 273
  5. "Guerrilla and terrorist organizations: a world directory and bibliography" by Peter Janke, Richard Sim; Publisher Harvester Press, 1983, page 115
  6. Bernd Jürgen Fischer: Balkan Strongmen: Dictators and Authoritarian Rulers of South Eastern Europe, Purdue University Press, Mar 1, 2007 page 211
  7. Ciarán Ó Maoláin: "The radical right: a world directory", Longman, 1987 page 424
  8. Documents on the 1973 ‘raid’ at A.S.I.O., the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation; I. Notes of Meeting at A.S.I.O. Regional Directorate, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory March 15, 1973
  9. The Wiener Library bulletin, Volumes 17-19;Wiener Library page 18
  10. Parliamentary debates, Senate weekly Hansard, Volume 53, Australia. Parliament. Senate By Authority., 1972, page 1077
  11. "Control of Violence: Historical and International Perspectives on Violence in Modern Societies" by Wilhelm Heitmeyer, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Stefan Malthaner; Publisher Springer Verlag, Nov 2, 2010

Further reading

  • Memorandum from the Croat Liberation Movement to All Governments, Leading Statesmen and Publicist of the World Regarding the Struggle of Croatia for Independence, Croatian Liberation Movement (Buenos Aires), 1971