Gender means 'type'. It is a word commonly used for a person's sex (male or female). When people use the word gender in this way, it is often because sex has many other meanings, making it easy to misunderstand.
In social sciences, there is a difference between 'sex' and 'gender':
- The word 'sex' describes someone's body. It says whether someone is physically male or female.
- The word 'gender' describes someone's personality or character. It says if someone feels or acts more like a female (feminine) or more like a male (masculine).