Great Britain at the Olympics

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The Olympic Rings

GBR

GBR

Great Britain at the Olympics is a history which includes 50 games in 23 countries and 6,000+ athletes.[1] Since 1896, sportsmen of the United Kingdom have taken part the growth of the "Olympic Movement". [2]

The International Olympic Committee's official abbreviation for Great Britain is GBR.[3]

History[change | edit source]

The British National Olympic Committee was formed in 1905. It was recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1905.[4]

Great Britain's team first competed at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Berlin.[1]

Great Britain is the name that the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland uses when it competes at the Olympic Games.[5] Great Britain was one of 14 teams to compete in the first Games in 1896. It has competed at every Games. As of 2012, Athletes from Great Britain have won 780 medals at the Summer Olympic Games. They have won 22 at the Winter Olympic Games. Great Britain is the only team to have won at least one gold medal at every Summer Games.

Great Britain was the name given to the United Kingdom team for the 1908 Summer Olympics. It was also given the IOC country code GBR. The team is also called "Team GB".[5] Representatives of the devolved Northern Ireland government, do not think this is a good name. They think it suggests that Northern Ireland is not part of the British Olympic team, and they think the name should be changed to Team UK.[6] However, British is a correct term for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland as, for instance, in "the British Government".

In an agreement between the British and Irish Olympic groups, athletes from Northern Ireland can choose to be a part of the Irish Olympic team. All British people may have dual citizenship if they wish.[7]

Summer Games results[change | edit source]

Games Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1896 Athens 8 2 3 2 7 5
1900 Paris 103 15 6 9 30 3
1904 St. Louis 3 1 1 0 2 6
1908 London (host nation) 676 56 51 39 146 1
1912 Stockholm 293 10 15 16 41 3
1920 Antwerp 204 15 15 13 43 3
1924 Paris 307 9 13 12 34 4
1928 Amsterdam 234 3 10 7 20 11
1932 Los Angeles 74 4 7 5 16 8
1936 Berlin 225 4 7 3 14 10
1948 London (host nation) 375 3 14 6 23 12
1952 Helsinki 293 1 2 8 11 18
1956 Melbourne/Stockholm 200 6 7 11 24 8
1960 Rome 252 2 6 12 20 12
1964 Tokyo 199 4 12 2 18 [10
1968 Mexico City 237 5 5 3 13 10
1972 Munich 310 4 5 9 18 12
1976 Montreal 234 3 5 5 13 13
1980 Moscow 222 5 7 9 21 9
1984 Los Angeles 355 5 11 21 37 11
1988 Seoul 382 5 10 9 24 12
1992 Barcelona 389 5 3 12 20 13
1996 Atlanta 303 1 8 6 15 36
2000 Sydney 320 11 10 7 28 10
2004 Athens 270 9 9 12 30 10
2008 Beijing 313 19 13 15 47
2012 London (host nation) 541 29 17 19 65
Total 7322 236 272 272 780

Winter Games results[change | edit source]

Games Competitors Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
1924 Chamonix 45 1 1 2 4 6
1928 St. Moritz 33 0 0 1 1 8
1932 Lake Placid 4 0 0 0 0 -
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 39 1 1 1 3 7
1948 St. Moritz 62 0 0 2 2 13
1952 Oslo 20 1 0 0 1 8
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo 45 0 0 0 0 -
1960 Squaw Valley 17 0 0 0 0 -
1964 Innsbruck 49 1 0 0 1 11
1968 Grenoble 46 0 0 0 0 -
1972 Sapporo 40 0 0 0 0 -
1976 Innsbruck 50 1 0 0 1 12
1980 Lake Placid 50 1 0 0 1 11
1984 Sarajevo 54 1 0 0 1 11
1988 Calgary 57 0 0 0 0 -
1992 Albertville 54 0 0 0 0 -
1994 Lillehammer 35 0 0 2 2 21
1998 Nagano 33 0 0 1 1 22
2002 Salt Lake City 51 1 0 1 2 18
2006 Turin 40 0 1 0 1 21
2010 Vancouver 50 1 0 0 1 16
2014 Sochi
2018 Pyeongchang
Total 874 9 3 10 22 20

Host country[change | edit source]

London, the United Kingdom's capital, has hosted the Games on three occasions.

Games Dates Nations
1908 Summer Olympics 27 April - 31 October 22
1948 Summer Olympics 29 July - 14 August 59
2012 Summer Olympics 27 July - 12 August 204

In 2012, London became the first city to host the Olympics three times.

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 SportsReference.com (SR/Olympics), "Great Britain"; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  2. Olympics.org, "Factsheet: The Olympic Movement"; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  3. "Official abbreviations" at The Games of the XVIII Olympiad, Tokyo, 1964, [p. 9 of 409 PDF]; retrieved 2012-8-18.
  4. Olympic.org, Great Britain; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Team GB - Our Greatest Team". british Olympic Association. http://www.olympics.org.uk/teamgb/about/. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
  6. "Minister urges BOA to change 'erroneous Team GB name'," BBC (UK). 11 March 2011; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  7. "Full text of the constitution" (PDF). Department of the Taoiseach. http://www.taoiseach.gov.ie/attached_files/Pdf%20files/Constitution%20of%20Ireland.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-17.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Great Britain at the Olympic Games at Wikimedia Commons