Japan at the Olympics

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The Olympic Rings

JPN

JPN

Japan at the Olympics is a history which includes 41 games in 22 countries and 3,000+ athletes.[1] Since 1912, athletes and sportsmen of Japan have been part of the "Olympic Movement".[2]

The International Olympic Committee's official abbreviation for Japan is JPN.[3]

History[change | edit source]

The Japanese National Olympic Committee was formed in 1911. It was recognized by the International Olympic Committee in 1912.[4] Its first president was Jigoro Kano .[5]

Japan's team first competed at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm.[1] Japan was not invited to the 1948 Games after World War II; and Japan boycotted of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow.

In support of the team at the 2012 Summer Olympics, each of the 518 athletes were given hand-carved good luck charm made by schoolchildren from tsunami-hit areas in Tōhoku. These special "medals" were made from driftwood. There were messages from the children on the ribbons which were attached.[6]

Medalists[change | edit source]

Japanese tennis players Ichiya Kumagae[7] and Seiichiro Kashio[8] were the first Japanese athletes to win medals in summer sport. They won silver medals in the 1920 Summer Olympics.[9]

The first Japanese medal in a winter sport was in 1956[10] when Chiharu Igaya earned a silver medal for Alpine skiing.[11]

Summer Games[change | edit source]

During the course of 20 summer games, Japanese athletes have won 350+ medals,[12] with the most gold medals won in judo. In the 1928 games in Amsterdam, Japan's first gold medals in summer sports were won by Mikio Oda in the triple jump and by Yoshiyuki Tsuruta in swimming.[5]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Notes
1912 Stockholm[13] - - - -
1920 Antwerp[14] - 2 - 2 Tennis
1924 Paris[15] - - 1 1 Wrestling
1928 Amsterdam[16] 2 2 1 5 SwimmingTrack and field athletics
1932 Los Angeles[17] 7 7 4 18
1936 Berlin[18] 6 4 8 18
1948 London did not participate
1952 Helsinki[19] 1 6 2 9
1956 Melbourne[20] 4 10 5 19
1960 Rome[21] 4 7 7 18
1964 Tokyo (Host Nation)[22] 16 5 8 29
1968 Mexico City[23] 11 7 7 25
1972 Munich[24] 13 8 8 29
1976 Montreal[25] 9 6 10 25
1980 Moscow did not participate
1984 Los Angeles[26] 10 8 14 32
1988 Seoul[27] 4 3 7 14
1992 Barcelona[28] 3 8 11 22
1996 Atlanta[29] 3 6 5 14
2000 Sydney[30] 5 8 5 18
2004 Athens[31] 16 9 12 37
2008 Beijing[32] 9 6 11 26
2012 London[33] 7 14 17 38[34]
2016 Rio de Janeiro
2020 Summer Olympics
Totals 124 116 134 374

Winter Games[change | edit source]

Japan has won 37 medals at the winter games.[35] In the 1972 games in Sapporo, Japan's first gold medal in a winter sports was won by Yukio Kasaya in ski jumping.[5]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Notes
1924 Chamonix did not participate
1928 St. Moritz[36] - - - -
1932 Lake Placid[37] - - - -
1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen[38] - - - -
1948 St. Moritz did not participate
1952 Oslo[39] - - - -
1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo[40] - 1 - 1 Alpine skiing[41]
1960 Squaw Valley[42] - - - -
1964 Innsbruck[43] - - - -
1968 Grenoble[44] - - - -
1972 Sapporo (Host Nation)[45] 1 1 1 3 Ski jumping[46]
1976 Innsbruck[47] - - - -
1980 Lake Placid[48] - 1 - 1 Ski jumping[49]
1984 Sarajevo[50] - 1 - 1 Speed skating[51]
1988 Calgary[52] - - 1 1 Speed skating[53]
1992 Albertville[54] 1 2 4 7 Figure Skating,[55] Nordic combined,[56] Speed skating[57]
1994 Lillehammer[58] 1 2 2 5
1998 Nagano (Host Nation)[59] 5 1 4 10
2002 Salt Lake City[60] - 1 1 2
2006 Turin[61] 1 - - 1 Figure skating[62]
2010 Vancouver[63] - 3 2 5
2014 Sochi
2018 Pyeongchang
Totals 9 13 15 37

Notable Olympians[change | edit source]

Japanese Olympic greats include

The youngest Japanese competitor was Etsuko Inada (12 years, 4 days) in the 1936 Winter Olympics. The oldest Japanese Olympian is Hiroshi Hoketsu (67 years, 139 days) in the 2008 Summer Games.[64]

Host country[change | edit source]

The 1940 Summer Olympics and the 1940 Winter Olympics were planned for Japan, but the organizers withdrew in 1938 because of the Second Sino-Japanese War.[65] These games were later cancelled because of World War II.

Japan was the host country three times,[66] including

Related pages[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 SportsReference.com (SR/Olympics), "Japan"; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  2. Olympics.org, "Factsheet: The Olympic Movement"; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  3. "Official abbreviations" at The Games of the XVIII Olympiad, Tokyo, 1964, [p. 9 of 409 PDF]; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  4. Olympic.org, Japan; retrieved 2012-7-28.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Japanese Olympic Committee (JOC), "JOC History at a Glance"; retrieved 2012-7-26.
  6. "Japanese Olympians receive good-luck medals handcrafted by children from tsunami-hit areas," Washington Post (US). July 23, 2012; retrieved 2012-7-31.
  7. SR/Olympics, "Ichiya Kumagae"; retrieved 2012-7-27.
  8. SR/Olympics, "Seiichiro Kashio"; retrieved 2012-7-27.
  9. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  10. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  11. SR/Olympics, "Chiharu Igaya"; retrieved 2012-7-23.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 "Japan, London 2012 Olympics," Telegraph (UK); retrieved 2012-7-20.
  13. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  14. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1920 Antwerpen Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  15. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1924 Paris Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  16. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1928 Amsterdam Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  17. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1932 Los Angeles Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  18. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1936 Berlin Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  19. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1952 Helsinki Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  20. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1956 Melbourne Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  21. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1960 Roma Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  22. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1964 Tokyo Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  23. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1968 Mexico City Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  24. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1972 München Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  25. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1976 Montréal Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  26. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  27. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1976 Seoul Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  28. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1992 Barcelona Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  29. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  30. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2000 Sydney Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  31. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2004 Athina Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  32. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2008 Beijing Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  33. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2012 London Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  34. BleacherReport.com, "Olympic Medal Count 2012: Updated Tracker, Standings and List of Winners"; retireved 2012-8-13.
  35. SR/Olympics, "Japan Winter Sports"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  36. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1928 Sankt Moritz Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  37. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1932 Lake Placid Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  38. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1936 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  39. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1952 Oslo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  40. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  41. SR/Olympics, "Chiharu Igaya "; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  42. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1960 Squaw Valley Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  43. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1964 Insbruck Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  44. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1968 Grenoble Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  45. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1972 Sapporo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  46. SR/Olympics, "Yukio Kasaya"; "Akitsugu Konno"; "Seiji Aochi"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  47. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1976 Innsbruck Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  48. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1980 Sapporo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  49. SR/Olympics, "Hirokazu Yagi"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  50. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1984 Sarajevo Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  51. SR/Olympics, "Yoshihiro Kitazawa"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  52. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1988 Calgary Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  53. SR/Olympics, "Akira Kuroiwa"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  54. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1992 Albertville Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  55. SR/Olympics, "Midori Ito"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  56. SR/Olympics, "Takanori Kono"; "Reiichi Mikata"; "Kenji Ogiwara"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  57. SR/Olympics, "Yuichi Akasaka"; "Seiko Hashimoto"; "Junichi Inoue"; Ishihara-1.html "Tatsuyoshi Ishihara"; "Toshinobu Kawai"; "Tsutomu Kawasaki"; "Toshiyuki Kuroiwa"; "Yukinori Miyabe"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  58. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  59. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 1998 Nagano Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  60. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2002 Nagano Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  61. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2006 Torino Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  62. SR/Olympics, "Shizuka Arakawa"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  63. SR/Olympics, "Japan at the 2010 Vancouver Winter Games"; retrieved 2012-8-16.
  64. SR/Olympics, "Japan"; retrieved 2012-7-20.
  65. Organizing Committee of the XIIth Olympiad. (1940). Report of the Organizing Committee on Its Work for the XIIth Olympic Games of 1940 in Tokyo Until the Relinquishment, p. 177 [201 of 207 PDF]; retrieved 2012-7-25.
  66. Web-Japan.org, "Japan and the Olympics"; retrieved 2012-2-26.

Other websites[change | edit source]

Media related to Japan at the Olympic Games at Wikimedia Commons