The capital and largest city is Harbin. There had been a considerable foreign population in the region, particularly in Harbin, by first the Russians in the late 19th century, and then the Japanese in the 20th century.
The land is largely of plains and rolling hills, with relatively few low mountainous areas. The climate is fairly dry with quite cold winters. There are some famous winter "ice festivals" with elaborate snow and ice sculptures.
Political divisions[change | change source]
Heilongjiang Province is divided into 12 municipalities and 1 prefecture.