Tianjin

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Tianjin
天津
Municipality
天津市 · Municipality of Tianjin
Clockwise from top: Jinwan Square, Tianjin Financial Center and Hai River, Xikai Church, Panorama of downtown Tianjin, Tianjin Railroad Station, Tianjin Eye
Location of Tianjin Municipality within China
Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183Coordinates: 39°08′N 117°11′E / 39.133°N 117.183°E / 39.133; 117.183
Country People's Republic of China
Settled ca. 340 BC
Divisions
 - County-level
 - Township-
level

13 districts, three counties
240 towns and villages
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • CPC Secretary Sun Chunlan
 • Mayor Huang Xingguo
 • Congress Chairman Xiao Huaiyuan
 • Conference Chairman He Lifeng
Area
 • Municipality 11,760 km2 (4,540 sq mi)
 • Urban 174.9 km2 (67.5 sq mi)
 • Metro 5,606.9 km2 (2,164.8 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Municipality 12,938,224
 • Density 1,100.2/km2 (2,849.5/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,342,770
 • Metro 10,290,987
Demonym Tianjinese
Tianjiner
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 300000 – 301900
Area code(s) 22
GDP 2011
 - Total CNY1119.0 billion
(USD177.6 billion) (20th)
 - Per capita CNY 84,337
(USD 13,058) (1st)
HDI (2008) 0.875 (3rd) – high
Licence plate prefixes 津A, B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M
津E (taxis)
City flower Chinese rose

Tianjin(Chinese: 天津),is a city in Northern China. It is the 5th largest city of China. It has a population of 11,760,000. It has an area of 11,917.3 square kilometers. Built in 1403, Tianjin has been named by Yongle Emperor in memory of his success in occupying Ming capital Beijing through the harbor of Tianjin. It locates on the banks of the Hai River, west of Bohai Sea, south of Yanshan Mountains, east of Beijing. The distance between Tianjin and Beijing is 137 kilometers and it’ll take you only half an hour to go from Tianjin to Beijing by the Beijing–Tianjin Intercity Railway.

Tianjin is the birthplace of China’s modern mechanical industry and textile industry. After the founding of New China, Tianjin has been built more than a dozen industrial zones, creating a lot Chinese famous brand like Flying Pigeon bicycles, Seagull brand watches. Now Tianjin gradually forms 6 industries of electronic information, automobile, metallurgical, chemical, biotechnology and modern medicine, new energy and environmental protection. Among Fortune 500 companies, more than 106 have invested in Tianjin. From 1994 to 2008, Tianjin's GDP rate increased 12.5% on average, entered the ranks of China's rapid development area.

Tianjin is the birthplace of the first university in China. In 1895, some officials established the first modern university in China – Peiyang University, the predecessor of Tianjin University. Nankai University in Tianjin is a famous university in China. The first Premier of the People's Republic of China Zhou Enlai graduates from Nankai University. Tianjin has 37 universities and has nearly 20 million students. Tianjin is one of the first nine-year compulsory education regions, the quality of workers is high. Tianjin has nearly one thousand scientific and technological research institutions, together with more than 600 thousand professionals in different fields. It has a large number of famous experts, scholars.

Tianjin is not far away from sea, so a lot of Tianjin cuisine is seafood. One of the most famous cuisine in Tianjin is The Four Great Stews, which refers actually to a very large number of stews, including chicken, duck, seafood, beef, and mutton. Tianjin also has several famous snack items. Goubuli is a traditional brand of Baozi (steamed buns with filling) that is famous throughout China. Guifaxiang is a traditional brand of mahua(twisted dough sticks). Erduoyan is a traditional brand of fried rice cakes.