|Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)|
|Hurricane Elena in the Gulf of Mexico from Space Shuttle Discovery on September 1, 1985|
|Formed||August 28, 1985|
|Dissipated||September 4, 1985|
|Highest winds||1-minute sustained:
125 mph (205 km/h)
|Lowest pressure||953 mbar (hPa); 28.14 inHg|
|Fatalities||0 direct, 4 indirect|
|Damage||$1.25 billion (1985 USD)|
|Areas affected||Cuba, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Mississippi Valley region|
|Part of the 1985 Atlantic hurricane season|
Elena's unusual path through the Gulf of Mexico, which included a loop, caused many people to evacuate from the coastline.
Meteorological history[change | edit source]
Before Hurricane Elena, there was a tropical wave that moved off the coast of Africa on August 23. It remained weak due to its fast westward motion and Saharan Air Layer around the circulation. As it moved through the Greater Antilles, it slowed and a tropical depression formed on August 28 between Cuba and Haiti. It paralleled the northern cost of Cuba, and became Tropical Storm Elena that night. Conditions were good for the storm to develop in the Gulf of Mexico, and Elena became a hurricane on the 29th.