Ingmar Bergman

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Ingmar Bergman

Ingmar Bergman during production of Wild Strawberries (1957)
Born Ernst Ingmar Bergman
14 July 1918(1918-07-14)
Uppsala, Sweden
Died 30 July 2007(2007-07-30) (aged 89)
Fårö, Sweden
Years active 19442005
Spouse Else Fischer (1943–1945)
Ellen Lundström (1945-1950)
Gun Grut (1951–1959)
Käbi Laretei (1959–1969)
Ingrid von Rosen (1971–1995)
Children Lena Bergman (b. 1943)
Eva Bergman (b. 1945)
Jan Bergman (b. 1946)
Mats Bergman (b. 1948)
Anna Bergman (b. 1948)
Ingmar Bergman Jr. (b. 1951)
Maria von Rosen (b. 1959)
Daniel Bergman (b. 1962)
Linn Ullmann (b. 1966)

Loudspeaker.png Ingmar Bergman (info • help) (IPA: ['ɪŋmar 'bærjman] in Swedish, but usually IPA: [ˈbɝgmən] in English) (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007)[1] was a Swedish stage and movie director. Ingmar Bergman found bleakness and despair as well as comedy and hope in his indelible explorations of the human condition. He is regarded as one of the great masters of modern cinema.[2]

Many filmmakers worldwide, including Americans Woody Allen[3] and Robert Altman,[4] the Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky[5] and the Taiwanese director Ang Lee,[6] have cited the work of Bergman as a major influence on their work.

Biography[change | edit source]

Ernst Ingmar Bergman was born in Uppsala, Sweden to a Lutheran minister of Danish descent, Erik Bergman (later chaplain to the King of Sweden), and his wife, Karin (née Åkerblom). He grew up surrounded by religious imagery and discussion. His father was a rather conservative parish minister and strict family father: Ingmar was locked up in dark closets for infractions such as wetting the bed. "While father preached away in the pulpit and the congregation prayed, sang or listened," Ingmar writes in his biography Laterna Magica,

"I devoted my interest to the church’s mysterious world of low arches, thick walls, the smell of eternity, the colored sunlight quivering above the strangest vegetation of medieval paintings and carved figures on ceilings and walls. There was everything that one’s imagination could desire — angels, saints, dragons, prophets, devils, humans."

He performed two five-month stretches of mandatory military service and studied Art and Literature at Stockholm University College (the later Stockholm University), but without graduating. Instead, he developed an interest in theatre and later in cinema (though he had become a "genuine movie addict"[7] by the early 1930s).

Although he grew up in a devout Lutheran household, Bergman stated that he lost his faith at age eight but came to terms with this fact only when making Winter Light.[8]

From the early sixties, Bergman lived much of his life on the island of Fårö, Gotland, Sweden, where he made a number of his movies. Bergman moved to Munich for a while following a protracted battle with the Swedish government over alleged tax evasion, and did not return to make another movie in Sweden until 1982, when he directed Fanny and Alexander. Bergman said this would be his last movie, and that he would go on to direct theater. Since that time he did make a number of movies for television, but later retired to Fårö, stating in 2004 that he would never again leave the island.

Ingmar Bergman died at his home on Fårö, in the early morning of 30 July 2007, aged 89,[9][10] the same day that another great movie director, Michelangelo Antonioni, died.

Family[change | edit source]

Bergman was married five times:

The first four marriages ended in divorce. The last ended when his wife Ingrid died of stomach cancer in 1995, aged 65. Aside from his marriages, Bergman had romantic relationships with actresses Harriet Andersson (1952–55), Bibi Andersson (1955–59), and Liv Ullmann (1965–70). He was the father of writer Linn Ullmann with Liv Ullmann. In all, Bergman had nine children, one of whom died before him.

Awards[change | edit source]

Academy Awards[change | edit source]

In 1971, Bergman received the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award at the Academy Awards ceremony. Three of his films won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. The list of his nominations and awards follows:

BAFTA Awards[change | edit source]

Berlin Film Festival[change | edit source]

Cesar Awards[change | edit source]

Cannes Film Festival[change | edit source]

Golden Globe Awards[change | edit source]

Other awards and honors[change | edit source]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Ingmar Bergman at the Internet Movie Database
  2. "Ingmar Bergman, Famed Director, Dies at 89". New York Times. 30 July 2007. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/30/movies/30cnd-bergman.html. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Ingmar Bergman, the “poet with the camera” who is considered one of the greatest directors in motion picture history, died today on the small island of Faro where he lived on the Baltic coast of Sweden, Astrid Soderbergh Widding, president of The Ingmar Bergman Foundation, said. Bergman was 89."
  3. Corliss, Richard (1 August 2007). "Woody Allen on Ingmar Bergman". Time. http://www.time.com/time/arts/article/0,8599,1648917,00.html?iid=sphere-inline-bottom. Retrieved 23 July 2008.
  4. "Robert Altman biography". http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000265/bio. Retrieved 10 January 2008.
  5. Le Cain, Maximillian. "Andrei Tarkovsky". http://archive.sensesofcinema.com/contents/directors/02/tarkovsky.html.
  6. "Ang Lee praises Bergman". http://www.ingmarbergman.se/page.asp?guid=9108307A-4EBB-4F92-8E28-75DE37FA5A72. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
  7. Ingmar Bergman: His Life and Films, by Jerry Vermilye, 2001, p. 6
  8. The Films of Ingmar Bergman, by Jesse Kalin, 2003, p. 193
  9. http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=1058&a=675505
  10. http://www.wtopnews.com/index.php?nid=114&sid=1204057
  11. "The 33rd Academy Awards (1961) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/33rd-winners.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "The 34th Academy Awards (1962) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. http://www.oscars.org/awards/academyawards/legacy/ceremony/34th-winners.html. Retrieved 2011-10-29.
  13. "Berlinale: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1958/03_preistr_ger_1958/03_Preistraeger_1958.html. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  14. "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. http://www.amacad.org/publications/BookofMembers/ChapterB.pdf. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  15. http://www.gishprize.org/bergman/bergman_select.html