Kannada

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Kannada
ಕನ್ನಡ kannaḍa
Каннада.PNG
Native to India - Karnataka, Kasaragod, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra pradesh, Goa, Tamil nadu and significant communities in USA, Australia, Singapore, UK, Mauritius,[1] United Arab Emirates,[2] Thailand.[3]
Ethnicity Kannadiga
Native speakers 38 million  (2007)[4]
11.4 million as a second language[5]
Language family
Dravidian
Writing system Kannada alphabet (Brahmic)
Kannada Braille
Official status
Official language in Karnataka
Regulated by Various academies and the Government of Karnataka[6]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 kn
ISO 639-2 kan
ISO 639-3 kan
Kannadaspeakers.png
Distribution of native Kannada speakers in India[7]
Old Kannada script on a victory pillar, 8th century
Modern Kannada script

Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ) is a language,[8] and it is a script used for writing the language. Most people in the southern Indian state of Karnataka speak Kannada, and there are speakers in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala and Goa. There are some differences in the way Kannada is spoken in these places. All told, there are about 44 million people who speak the language.[9]

Kannada is a Dravidian language, which is a different language family from the Indo-European or Aryan languages of the north, such as Hindi. It has about 1500 years of written history. The first version is known as the Old Kannada script. By about 1500 it had morphed into the Kannada and Telugu scripts. Christian missionaries standardized the Kannada and Telugu scripts at the beginning of the 19th century.

The Kannada script is a type of writing system called an alphasyllabary. All consonants have a built-in vowel. Other vowels are indicated with diacritics, which appear next to the consonants.[10] When they appear at the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as separate letters. When consonants appear together without intervening vowels, the second consonant is written as a special joint symbol, usually below the first. The direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines.[9]

It has highest number of Janapeeta literary awards compared to any Indian language. Kannada had a huge boost during the Vijayanagar period. Shri Vinoba Bhave called "Kannada" script the "Queen of World Scripts" – "Vishwa Lipigala Raani".

References[change | edit source]

  1. "Mallige Kannada balaga: spreading fragrance of Karnataka in Mauritius". Daijiworld.com. http://www.daijiworld.com/news/news_disp.asp?n_id=115832. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  2. "Dubai: Kannada Koota UAE to hold 'Sangeetha Saurabha'". Daijiworld.com. http://www.daijiworld.com/news/news_disp.asp?n_id=97803. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  3. "Thai Kannada Balaga". "Thai Kannada Balaga". http://www.thaikannadabalaga.com. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  4. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  5. TNN (14 March 2010). "Indiaspeak: English is our 2nd language". Times of India. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2010-03-14/india/28117934_1_second-language-speakers-urdu. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  6. The Karnataka official language act, 1963 – Karnataka Gazette (Extraordinary) Part IV-2A. Government of Karnataka. 1963. pp. 33.
  7. Distribution of native Kannada speakers in India. [1]
  8. sometimes called 'Canarese'
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Kannada alphabet, pronunciation and language". omniglot.com. 2011. http://www.omniglot.com/writing/kannada.htm. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  10. above, below, before or after

Other websites[change | edit source]