Kragujevac

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Kragujevac
Крагујевац
City

Coat of arms
Location of Kragujevac within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°59′N 20°53′E / 43.983°N 20.883°E / 43.983; 20.883Coordinates: 43°59′N 20°53′E / 43.983°N 20.883°E / 43.983; 20.883
Country  Serbia
District Šumadija
Municipalities 5
Founded 1476
Government
 • Mayor Veroljub Stevanović
 • Ruling parties Together for Šumadija
Area
 • City 835 km2 (322 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1][2]
 • City 150,835
 • Urban 179,417
 • Urban density 559.10/km2 (215.87/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34000
Area code(s) (+381) 34
Car plates KG

Kragujevac (Serbian: Крагујевац, Kragujevac, pronounced /krǎɡujeʋat͡s/; Kragujevac was named after bird Kraguj[3]) is a city in central Serbia. It is the fourth largest city in Serbia, main city of Šumadija and the administrative centre of Šumadija district. According to official results of 2011 census, the city is settled by 150,835 citizens, while area around the city is populated by 179,417 inhabitants.

Historically, Kragujevac was the first capital of free Serbia (from 1818 to 1839), and the first constitution ever proclaimed in Balkans was in this city on February 15, 1835 (state holiday).

In 1841, capital city of Serbia was changed from Kragujevac to Belgrade. Nowadays, Kragujevac is a big centre of automobile industry and weapons.

Geography[change | edit source]

City is located 220 meters (220 ft) above sea level, with coordinates +44 ° 22 '; +20 ° 56', and it is in the valley of Lepenica river. The urban area of the city covers 835 km2 (322 sq mi), partially surrounded by mountains Rudnik, Crni Vrh and Gledić. City is characterized by hilly, mountainous surface. Kragujevac has highly developed transport infrastructure.

Demographics[change | edit source]

As of 2011 census, following population is there in Kragujevac:

Ethnicity Number
Serbs 172,052
Roma 1,482
Montenegrins 645
Macedonians 297
Croats 192
Yugoslavs 175
Gorani 101
Other 4,473
Total 179,417

Weather[change | edit source]

Climate data for Kragujevac (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
24.2
(75.6)
29.4
(84.9)
31.4
(88.5)
35.4
(95.7)
39.4
(102.9)
43.9
(111)
40.4
(104.7)
37.4
(99.3)
32.6
(90.7)
27.6
(81.7)
21.0
(69.8)
43.9
(111)
Average high °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
7.3
(45.1)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64)
23.0
(73.4)
26.1
(79)
28.7
(83.7)
28.8
(83.8)
24.0
(75.2)
18.5
(65.3)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.2)
17.5
(63.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.3
(36.1)
6.6
(43.9)
11.7
(53.1)
16.7
(62.1)
20.0
(68)
21.9
(71.4)
21.5
(70.7)
16.9
(62.4)
11.9
(53.4)
6.4
(43.5)
2.1
(35.8)
11.6
(52.9)
Average low °C (°F) -2.6
(27.3)
-1.9
(28.6)
1.8
(35.2)
5.9
(42.6)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
15.3
(59.5)
15.1
(59.2)
11.3
(52.3)
7.1
(44.8)
2.5
(36.5)
-1.1
(30)
6.5
(43.7)
Record low °C (°F) -27.6
(-17.7)
-23.8
(-10.8)
-18.3
(-0.9)
-5.8
(21.6)
-0.6
(30.9)
2.7
(36.9)
7.2
(45)
4.6
(40.3)
-2.2
(28)
-6.6
(20.1)
-16.4
(2.5)
-20.7
(-5.3)
-27.6
(-17.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 37.9
(1.492)
37.0
(1.457)
42.3
(1.665)
53.9
(2.122)
58.7
(2.311)
76.4
(3.008)
57.7
(2.272)
58.6
(2.307)
51.6
(2.031)
48.9
(1.925)
49.5
(1.949)
45.8
(1.803)
618.5
(24.35)
Humidity 79 75 69 67 68 68 65 67 72 75 77 81 72
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 11 12 13 12 9 8 9 10 11 13 132
Sunshine hours 71.9 94.8 144.5 180.4 234.5 257.4 293.5 275.5 200.8 152.1 93.9 63.7 2,078.1
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[4]
University of Kragujevac, Svetozar Markovic
Kragujevac theatre

References[change | edit source]

  1. Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2011. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima. Srbija, Republički zavod za statistiku Beograd 2011. ISBN 86-84433-00-9
  2. "Human resources". Statistics office of Serbia. http://media.popis2011.stat.rs/2011/prvi_rezultati.pdf. Retrieved 2011-11-16.
  3. "Istorija sabornog hrama u Kragujevcu", Eparhija Šumadijska
  4. "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 - 2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. http://www.hidmet.gov.rs/eng/meteorologija/stanica_sr.php?moss_id=13278. Retrieved 2012-09-15.

Other websites[change | edit source]