List of children of the Presidents of the United States

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This is a list of children of U.S. Presidents with stepchildren, adopted children, and alleged illegitimate children included. Full names are given including middle, maiden and married names. This list also includes the children's spouses and any known children they had and a “?” for an unknown number of children.

Presidential children have been studied individually, and as a group. As individuals, they are more often notable than most individuals: they know many political and social leaders and are part of the richer, upper classes. They are more likely to be viewed as a part of celebrity culture. Also, as individuals they frequently have significant influence on other notable family members. A child who may appear otherwise non-notable may have affected the parent's beliefs or performance.

Contents

George Washington and Martha Dandridge Custis Washington[change | change source]

No children together. Martha's first husband, Daniel Parke Custis (October 15, 1711 – July 8, 1757), had four children, two of whom were still living at the time of her marriage to Washington (those who did not survive were Daniel Parke Custis, Jr. [November 19, 1751 – February 19, 1754] and Frances Parke Custis [April 12, 1753 – April 1, 1757]):

  • John “Jacky” Parke Custis (stepson) (November 27, 1754 – November 5, 1781)
    • m. Eleanor Calvert. His wife remarried and took two oldest of four children. The other two, “Nelly” and “Wash”, were raised but not formally adopted by George and Martha (see below).
  • Martha “Patsy” Parke Custis (stepdaughter) (1756 – June 19, 1773) no children, died from epilepsy

Martha's grandchildren who were raised by the Washingtons:

John Adams and Abigail Smith Adams[change | change source]

  • Abigail “Nabby” Adams Smith (July, 14, 1765 – August 15, 1813), also nicknamed "Amelia"
    • m. William Stephens Smith, 4 children
  • John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) 6th U.S. President
  • Susanna Adams (December 28, 1768 – February 4, 1770), cause of death unknown
  • Charles Adams (May 29, 1770 – November 30, 1800)
    • m. Sally Smith, 2 children
  • Thomas Boylston Adams (September 15, 1772 – March 12, 1832)
    • m. Ann Harold, 7 children
  • Elizabeth Adams (July 11, 1777) stillborn

Thomas Jefferson and Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson[change | change source]

    • Martha had one son, John Wayles Skelton (November 7, 1767 – June 10, 1771) with her first husband Bathurst Skelton (1744–1768). John died months before her marriage to Jefferson.
  • Martha “Patsy” Washington Jefferson Randolph (September 27, 1772 – October 10, 1836)
  • Jane Randolph Jefferson (April 3, 1774 – September 1775), named after her paternal grandmother, cause of death unknown
  • unnamed son (May 28, 1777 – June 14, 1777)
  • Mary “Polly” “Maria” Jefferson Eppes (August 1, 1778 – April 17, 1804)
    • m. John Wayles Eppes, 3 children
  • Lucy Elizabeth (I) Jefferson (November 3, 1780 – April 15, 1781), died from illness
  • Lucy Elizabeth (II) Jefferson (May 8, 1782 – October 13, 1784), died from "teething, worms and Whooping Cough" as the doctor wrote

Alleged children of Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings[change | change source]

  • Tom Hemings (1790–?) (Evidence concerning this child is contradictory.)
  • Harriet Hemings (I) (October 5, 1795 – December 1797)
  • Beverly Hemings (possibly born William Beverly Hemings) (April 1, 1798 – after 1873)
    • m. (wife's name unknown), 1 child
  • daughter (possibly named Thenia, after Hemings's deceased sister) (December 7, 1799 – ca. 1802)
  • Harriet Hemings (II) (May 1801 – after 1863)
    • m. (husband's name unknown), several children
  • Madison Hemings (possibly born James Madison Hemings) (January 1805 – 1877)
    • m. Mary Hughes McCoy, 10 children
  • Eston Hemings (possibly born Thomas Eston Hemings) (May 1808 – 1856)
    • m. Julia Ann Isaacs, 3 children

James Madison and Dolley Payne Todd Madison[change | change source]

No children together, but raised Dolley's son from her first marriage

  • John Payne Todd (stepson) (February 29, 1792 – 1852) was the first son of Dolley's first husband, John Todd, Jr. (1764–1793). Their second son William Temple Todd (b./d. 1793) died the same year as his father in a yellow fever epidemic.

James Monroe and Elizabeth Kortright Monroe[change | change source]

John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams[change | change source]

  • George Washington Adams (April 12, 1801 – April 30, 1829)
  • John Adams II (July 4, 1803 – October 23, 1834)
    • m. Mary Catherine Hellen
  • unnamed son (died shortly after birth, 1806)
  • Charles Francis Adams, Sr. (August 18, 1807 – November 21, 1886)
    • m. Abigail Brown Brooks
  • Louisa Catherine Adams (1811–1812), born and died from winter illness in Russia; birth and death dates never recorded

Andrew Jackson and Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson[change | change source]

No biological children together, adopted two:

  • Andrew Jackson Jr. (December 4, 1808 – 1865) (adopted at birth, twin of Thomas Jefferson Donelson, and a nephew of Rachel, son of Severn Donelson)
    • m. Sarah Yorke, 5 children
  • Lyncoya Jackson (c. 1812 – June 1, 1828) (adopted orphaned Creek Indian) [2]

Also guardians of eight additional children including:

  • Orphaned nephews of Rachel, sons of Samuel Donelson who died in 1804;
  • Orphaned grandnephew of Rachel;
    • Andrew Jackson Hutchings (1812–1841)
  • Orphaned children of family friend Edward Butler;
    • Caroline Butler
    • Eliza Butler
    • Edward Butler
    • Anthony Butler

Martin Van Buren and Hannah Hoes Van Buren[change | change source]

William Henry Harrison and Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison[change | change source]

John Tyler and Letitia Christian Tyler[change | change source]

Alleged son of John Tyler and a slave[change | change source]

John Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler[change | change source]

James Knox Polk and Sarah Childress Polk[change | change source]

No natural children, but raised Polk's nephew as their ward:

After the death of James, Sarah was guardian of:

  • Sarah Polk Jetton (1847–1924) [8]
    • m. George William Fall

Zachary Taylor and Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor[change | change source]

Millard Fillmore and Abigail Powers Fillmore[change | change source]

Millard Fillmore and Caroline Carmichael McIntosh Fillmore[change | change source]

  • No children together

Franklin Pierce and Jane Means Appleton Pierce[change | change source]

  • Franklin Pierce, Jr. (February 2, 1836 – February 5, 1836), cause of death unknown
  • Frank Robert Pierce (August 27, 1839 – November 14, 1843), died from typhus fever
  • Benjamin “Bennie” Pierce (April 13, 1841 – January 16, 1853), died in train accident in front of his parents, weeks before his father was inaugurated

James Buchanan[change | change source]

No children; served as guardian to two nieces:

  • Mary Elizabeth Speer Lane (1826–1855)
    • m. George Baker
  • Harriet Rebecca Lane (May 9, 1830 – July 3, 1903)
    • m. Henry Elliott Johnston, 2 children

Abraham Lincoln and Mary Ann Todd Lincoln[change | change source]

Andrew Johnson and Eliza McCardle Johnson[change | change source]

Ulysses Simpson Grant and Julia Boggs Dent Grant[change | change source]

Rutherford Birchard Hayes and Lucy Ware Webb Hayes[change | change source]

  • Birchard Austin Hayes (November 4, 1853 – January 24, 1926)
    • m. Mary Sherman, 5 children
  • James Webb Cook Hayes (March 20, 1856 – July 26, 1934)
    • m. Mary Otis Miller, no children
  • Rutherford Platt Hayes (June 24, 1858 – July 21, 1927)
    • m. Lucy Hayes Platt, 3 children
  • Joseph “Jody” Thompson Hayes (December 21, 1861 – June 24, 1863), died of dysentery
  • George Crook Hayes (September 29, 1864 – May 24, 1866), died of scarlet fever
  • Fanny Hayes Smith (September 2, 1867 – March 18, 1950)
    • m. Mary Eaton Smith, one child
  • Scott Russell Hayes (February 8, 1871 – May 6, 1923)
    • m. Maude Anderson, no children
  • Manning Force Hayes (August 1, 1873 – August 28, 1874), died of unknown causes

James Abram Garfield and Lucretia Rudolph Garfield[change | change source]

Chester Alan Arthur and Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur[change | change source]

Grover Cleveland 1st term[change | change source]

Alleged son of Grover Cleveland and Maria Crofts Halpin[change | change source]

  • Oscar Folsom Cleveland, (September 1874 – ?), adopted by James and Sarah King of Buffalo, New York before his fifth birthday; his name was changed to James E. King. Here, evidence becomes sketchy: he may have become a physician, died before the age of 30, and been buried in Warren, Pennsylvania.

Benjamin Harrison and Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison[change | change source]

Benjamin Harrison and Mary Scott Lord Dimmick Harrison[change | change source]

Grover Cleveland and Frances Clara Folsom Cleveland (later Preston)[change | change source]

William McKinley and Ida Saxton McKinley[change | change source]

  • Katherine “Katie” McKinley (December 25, 1871 – June 25, 1875), died of typhoid fever
  • Ida McKinley (daughter) (April 1, 1873 – August 22, 1873), died of unknown causes

Theodore Roosevelt and Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt[change | change source]

Theodore Roosevelt and Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt[change | change source]

William Howard Taft and Helen Louise Herron "Nellie" Taft[change | change source]

Woodrow Wilson and Ellen Louise Axson Wilson[change | change source]

Woodrow Wilson and Edith Bolling Galt Wilson[change | change source]

  • No children together (Mrs. Wilson and her first husband, Norman Galt, had a son in 1903 who died a few days after birth.)

Warren Gamaliel Harding and Florence “Flossie” Mabel Kling DeWolfe Harding[change | change source]

  • No children together
  • Marshall Eugene “Pete” DeWolfe (stepson) (September 22, 1880 – January 1, 1915), was the son of Flossie's first husband, Henry Athenton (Pete) DeWolfe, whom she divorced
    • m. Esther Naomi Neely, 2 children

Alleged daughter of Warren Harding and Nan Britton[change | change source]

Calvin Coolidge and Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge[change | change source]

Herbert Clark Hoover and Lou Henry Hoover[change | change source]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Anna Eleanor Roosevelt[change | change source]

  • Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall Boettiger Halstead (May 3, 1906 – December 1, 1975)
    • m. Curtis Bean Dall, 2 children, divorced
    • m. (Clarence) John Boettiger, 1 child, divorced
    • m. James Addison Halstead, no children
  • James “Jimmy” Roosevelt (December 23, 1907 – August 13, 1991) (debate: 3 or 7 children total)
    • m. Betsey Maria Cushing, 2 children, divorced
    • m. Romelle Theresa Schneider, 3 children, divorced
    • m. Gladys Irene Kitchenmaster Owens, 1 adopted child, divorced
    • m. Mary Lena Winskill, 1 child
  • Franklin Roosevelt (March 18, 1909 – November 8, 1909)
  • Elliott Roosevelt (September 23, 1910 – October 27, 1990)
    • m. Elizabeth Browning Donner, 1 child, divorced
    • m. Ruth Josephine Googins, 3 children, divorced
    • m. Faye Margaret Emerson (actress), no children, divorced
    • m. Minnewa Bell Burnside Gray Ross, no children, divorced
    • m. Patricia Peabody Whitehead, adopted her 4 children, 1 child together who died an infant
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr. (August 17, 1914 – August 17, 1988)
    • m. Ethel du Pont, 2 children (including FDR III), divorced
    • m. Suzanne Perrin, 2 children, divorced
    • m. Felicia Schiff Warburg Sarnoff, no children, divorced
    • m. Patricia Luisa Oakes, 1 child, divorced
    • m. Linda McKay Stevenson Weicker, no children
  • John Aspinwall Roosevelt (March 13, 1916 – April 27, 1981)
    • m. Anne Lindsay Clark, 4 children, divorced
    • m. Irene Boyd McAlpin, no children

Harry S Truman and Elizabeth “Bess” Virginia Wallace Truman[change | change source]

Dwight David Eisenhower and Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower[change | change source]

John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy (later Onassis)[change | change source]

Lyndon Baines Johnson and Claudia Alta Taylor “Lady Bird” Johnson[change | change source]

Alleged son of Lyndon Baines Johnson and Madeleine Duncan Brown[change | change source]

  • Steven Mark Brown (December 27, 1950 – September 28, 1990) filed lawsuit for a share of LBJ's estate; died of cancer before suit was resolved

Richard Milhous Nixon and Thelma Catherine Ryan "Pat" Nixon[change | change source]

Gerald Rudolph Ford, Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Bloomer Warren Ford[change | change source]

James Earl Carter, Jr. and Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter[change | change source]

Ronald Wilson Reagan and Jane Wyman[change | change source]

  • Maureen Elizabeth Reagan Filippone Sills Revell (Adopted) (January 4, 1941 – August 3, 2001)
    • m. John Filippone, no children (div.)
    • m. David Sills, no children (div.)
    • m. Dennis Revell, one adopted child
  • Michael Reagan (adopted) (March 18, 1945 – )
    • m. Pamela Putnam, no children (div.)
    • m. Colleen Sterns, 2 children
  • Christine Reagan (June 27, 1947 – June 28, 1947) born too early to survive

Ronald Wilson Reagan and Nancy Davis Reagan[change | change source]

George Herbert Walker Bush and Barbara Pierce Bush[change | change source]

William Jefferson Clinton and Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton[change | change source]

George Walker Bush and Laura Lane Welch Bush[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  • Bonnie Angelo, First Families: The Impact of the White House on Their Lives, ISBN 0060563567
  • William A. Degregorio, The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents, Wings Books, 1991
  • Doug Wead, All the President's Children: Triumph and Tragedy in the Lives of America's First Families, Atria Books, New York, 2003, ISBN 0-7434-4631-3

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Larry D. Underwood. All the President's Children, Dageford Publishing, 2002, ISBN 1886225850 (a children's book)
  • Quinn-Musgrove, Sandra L. and Kanter, Sanford, America's Royalty: All the President's Children, Olympic Marketing, ISBN 0313236453

Other websites[change | change source]