|7th President of the United States|
March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1837
|Vice President||John C. Calhoun (1829-1832) Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)|
|Preceded by||John Quincy Adams|
|Succeeded by||Martin Van Buren|
|Born||March 15, 1767
Waxhaws area of South Carolina, USA
|Died||June 8, 1845 (aged 78)
The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
|Spouse(s)||Widowed. Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson (niece Emily Donelson Jackson and daughter-in-law Sarah Yorke Jackson were first ladies)|
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was a General in the War of 1812 and was considered to be a war hero. He became the seventh President of the United States of America. He was the first Democrat and is on the Twenty Dollar Bill. His nickname was "Old Hickory".
Early life [change]
Andrew Jackson was the first U.S. President who was not born into a wealthy family. He was not a wealthy man and did not have a college education. For these reasons, Jackson stood for the common man (people who worked hard and did not make a lot of money, like farmers).
Creating a Political Party [change]
Andrew Jackson created the Democratic Party and was its leader.
1828 election [change]
In 1828, he defeated John Quincy Adams in the Presidential Election of 1828, he became President on March 4th, 1829, and four years later he was re-elected to a second term as President.
In 1791, he fell in love with Rachel Donelson Robards. They went through a marriage ceremony. However, the marriage was not legal because she had not been granted a divorce from her first husband. Therefore, they married legally three years later. They had no children, but they adopted several.
Political activist [change]
Jackson supported a popular democracy where the people directly elect the President instead of what we have now, the Electoral College where the people elect people who elect the President.
Andrew Jackson was against the national bank of the United States because he felt that it was run by wealthy powerful people and that it did not serve the interests of the common man. The national bank expired during Jackson's Presidency. Jackson chose not to continue the bank.
During his Presidency, he signed the Indian Removal Act which allowed the U.S. government to violently force the Native Americans to move from their land and go west. Many Native Americans were killed and the path they walked to get to the west was called the Trail of Tears.
On March 4th, 1837, Andrew Jackson finished his second term. After that, Vice-President Martin Van Buren became President (because he was elected) and continued many of the things Jackson did. Jackson was a big influence on other Democrats during the 1800's.
Jackson's legacy among historians is mixed.
On one hand, Jackson was a slave owner who had many Native Americans killed and most people now believe that a national bank is necessary for a society to do well.
On the other hand, Jackson was a successful General who led an entire political movement, stood for the common man, and had a big impact on American history.
Other websites [change]